Electoral Newsfile 122: Federal Election 2004 - Senate Results

Updated: 7 February 2011

February 2005

Party Representation in the Senate
  ALP LP NP CLP CLR DEM FFP GRN GWA HAN HAR IND NDP VPG Total
2004 27 33 5 1 1 4 1 4 - - - - - - 76
2001 27 31 3 1 1 8 - 2 - 1 1 1 - - 76
1998 29 31 3 1 - 9 - 1 - 1 1 - - - 76
1996 29 31 5 1 - 7 - 1 1 - 1 - - - 76
1993 30 30 5 1 - 7 - - 2 - 1 - - - 76
1990 32 29 4 1 - 8 - - 1 - 1 - - - 76
1987 32 27 6 1 - 7 - - - - 1 - 1 1 76
1984 34 27 5 1 - 7 - - - - 1 - 1 - 76
1983 30 23 4 1 - 5 - - - - 1 - - - 64
1980 27 28 3 - - 5 - - - - - 1 - - 64
1977 26 29 6 - - 2 - - - - - 1 - - 64

This table shows party representation in the Senate from 1 July following each election at which time elected State Senators take their seats. The elections held in 1983 and 1987 were double dissolution elections. In these years the figures show party representation in the Senate immediately following the election.

Return of the Writs
  Date Writ Returned 40 Day Petition Period*
House of Representatives 11 November 2004 21 December 2004
Senate    
New South Wales 03 November 2004 21 December 2004
Victoria 05 November 2004 21 December 2004
Queensland 01 November 2004 21 December 2004
Western Australia 05 November 2004 21 December 2004
South Australia 02 November 2004 21 December 2004
Tasmania 03 November 2004 21 December 2004
Australian Capital Territory 11 November 2004 21 December 2004
Northern Territory 11 November 2004 21 December 2004

*Any queries in relation to the end of the period for filing petitions to the Court of Disputed Returns should be directed to the High Court Registry in your capital city.

Electing the Senate

The 76 member Senate comprises 12 Senators from each State and two from each of the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory.

State Senators are elected for six year terms on a rotating basis, with half of the Senators retiring every three years (or facing a half Senate election). Territory Senators are elected for a term equivalent to Members of the House of Representatives.

Forty Senate vacancies are contested at a half Senate election when it is held simultaneously with a House election. If there is a double dissolution all Senators and Members of the House of Representatives must face election.

The State Senators elected on 9 October 2004 will take their seats on 1 July 2005 and their terms are due to expire on 30 June 2011.

The State Senators elected on 10 November 2001 took their seats on 1 July 2002 and their terms are due to expire on 30 June 2008.

Thus when the 41st Parliament met in November 2004, the House of Representatives reflected the outcome of the 9 October 2004 election. However, the 'new Senate' will not be seen until 1 July 2005 (though Territory Senators took their seats following the declaration of the poll).

Use of Group Voting Tickets
  Above the line % Below the line %
NSW 97.6 2.4
VIC 97.7 2.3
QLD 94.8 5.2
WA 95.8 4.2
SA 94.1 5.9
TAS 81.2 18.8
ACT 79.1 20.9
NT 89.7 10.3
AUS 95.8 4.2
Senate: Percentage of informal voting 1990–2004
  2004 2001 1998 1996 1993 1990
NSW 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.8 2.7 4.2
VIC 5.1 5.6 3.8 3.6 3.1 3.6
QLD 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.3 2.0 2.5
WA 3.5 3.6 2.7 3.5 2.1 2.9
SA 3.5 3.1 2.8 3.3 2.3 2.5
TAS 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.2 2.6 3.1
ACT 2.5 2.3 2.0 2.5 1.6 2.4
NT 3.1 2.8 2.0 2.8 2.8 2.8
AUS 3.8 3.9 3.2 3.5 2.6 3.4
Senate: Percentage of first preference votes
  NSW VIC QLD WA SA TAS ACT NT AUS Seats*
ALP 36.37 36.12 31.65 32.52 35.49 33.54 41.10 41.37 35.02 16
LP - - 38.29 49.34 47.49 46.13 37.87 - 17.65 17
NP - - 6.61 0.86 0.40 - - - 1.37 3
LNP 44.12 44.10 - - - - - - 25.72
CDP 2.61 0.34 - 1.88 - 0.65 1.56 - 1.18 -
CLP - - - - - - - 45.40 0.35 1
DEM 2.20 1.86 2.20 2.00 2.39 0.82 2.14 4.73 2.09 -
DLP - 1.94 - - - - - - 0.49 -
FFP 0.56 1.88 3.37 0.85 3.98 2.38 - - 1.76 1
FPY 0.54 - 1.28 - - - - - 0.42 -
GRN 7.34 8.80 5.40 8.06 6.60 13.29 16.36 7.60 7.67 2
HAN 1.89 0.72 3.14 2.45 1.14 - - - 1.73 -
HMP 0.60 - 0.77 - - - - - 0.35 -
LFF 0.53 1.84 0.98 0.50 0.29 - - - 0.90 -
OTH 3.22 2.40 6.31 1.55 2.23 3.19 0.96 0.91 3.31 -
Formal 96.53 94.87 97.21 96.46 96.47 96.63 97.54 96.88 96.25  
Informal 3.47 5.13 2.79 3.54 3.53 3.37 2.46 3.12 3.75  
Turnout 95.11 95.43 94.13 93.66 95.36 95.90 95.21 84.41 94.82  

*The 9 October 2004 election was a half Senate election at which six Senators were elected for each State and two for each Territory. This column shows the number of seats each party won on election day. For the total number of seats each party will hold in the Senate from 1 July 2005 see above.

Party abbreviations

ALP: Australian Labor Party; CDP: Christian Democratic Party (Fred Nile Group); CLP: Northern Territory Country Liberal Party; CLR: Country Labor Party; DEM: Australian Democrats; DLP: Democratic Labor Party (DLP) of Australia; FFP: Family First Party; FPY: The Fishing Party; GRN: Australian Greens; GWA: The Greens (WA) Inc; HAN: Pauline Hanson's One Nation; HAR: Tasmanian Independent Senator Brian Harradine Group; HMP: Help End Marijuana Prohibition; IND: Independent; LFF: liberals for forests; LP: Liberal Party of Australia; LNP: Liberal-National Party (combined ticket); NDP: Nuclear Disarmament Party; NP: National Party of Australia; VPG: Vallentine Peace Group; OTH: The Aged and Disability Pensioners Party; Australians Against Further Immigration; Australian Progressive Alliance; Citizens Electoral Council of Australia; Ex-Service, Service & Veterans Party; The Great Australians; Hope Party Australia – ethics equality ecology; Lower Excise Fuel and Beer Party; New Country Party; Non-Custodial Parents Party; No Goods and Services Tax Party; Nuclear Disarmament Party of Australia; Outdoor Recreation Party; Progressive Labour Party; Republican Party of Australia; Save the ADI Site Party; Socialist Alliance; Independent; Non Affiliated.

Contacts