Electoral Newsfile 94: 2000 Redistribution of Federal Electoral Boundaries

Updated: 5 December 2007

Proposal for Western Australian Boundaries Announced

On 23 December 1999, the Australian Electoral Commission directed that a redistribution of electoral boundaries commence in Western Australia, after determining that, as a result of changes in population, the Parliamentary representation entitlement of Western Australia had changed. The redistribution process was outlined in Electoral Newsfile number 88.

Following a public consultation process, which resulted in the receipt of 11 suggestions and 6 comments on the suggestions, the Redistribution Committee for Western Australia announced its proposals for the names and boundaries of the 15 Federal Electoral Divisions in the State.

General strategy of the Committee

Western Australia continues to experience high rates of growth on the outer metropolitan fringe, particularly north in the Cities of Wanneroo, Joondalup and Swan, east in the Shires of Mundaring and Kalamunda, south-east in the Cities of Gosnells and Armadale and south in the Cities of Rockingham, Mandurah and Bunbury. Growth rates generally are uneven and it is of particular note that there is low growth forecast for rural areas of the State and parts of the western metropolitan area, both north and south of the Swan River.

The Committee identified that due to the requirement to accommodate an additional Division, there would be a general need to shed electors from all existing Divisions. The Committee also acknowledged the change to the criteria for determining boundaries, such that existing boundaries are subordinate to other criteria (community of interest, social and regional interests, means of communication and travel and physical features and area). However, the Committee was also mindful to disrupt as few electors as possible, and therefore adopted a minimal approach wherever it could do so. Finally, the Committee considered the suggestions and comments received, which were generally consistent in recommending that Local Government, locality and natural boundaries be used where possible.

Names of proposed Divisions

The Committee's deliberations have resulted in 14 of the 15 proposed Divisions being readily identified with the existing Divisions. The Committee therefore proposed retention of the names of the existing Divisions, in addition to the adoption of the name of Hasluck for the new Division. This recognises the service rendered to Australia by Sir Paul Meernaa Caedwalla Hasluck and Dame Alexandra Margaret Martin Hasluck.

Further information

Notice of the Redistribution Committee's proposal was published in the Commonwealth Gazette on 26 May 2000.Outline maps of theproposed redistribution and a notice inviting objections against the proposal were published in The West Australian and The Australian newspapers on 26 May 2000.

The Commitee's Report is available for inspection at all Divisional Offices of the Australian Electoral Commission in Western Australia, at the AEC's Head Office in each capital city and its Central Office in Canberra. For the address of the nearest AEC office, phone 13 23 26 (cost of a local call). Copies of the report are available from the office of the Australian Electoral Officer (AEO) for Western Australia at:

28 Thorogood St
Burswood WA 6100
Phone (08) 9470 7299
Fax (08) 9472 3551

Further public consultation

Objections to the Redistribution Committee's proposed boundaries and names must be lodged with the AEC at the address of the AEO for Western Australia by 6pm on Friday 23 June 2000.

These objections will be available for public inspection at the office of the AEO for Western Australia from 9am on Monday 26 June 2000.

Comments on any objections must be lodged with the AEC at the office of the AEO for Western Australia by 6pm on Friday 7 July 2000.

All objections and comments will be considered by the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia. The augmented Electoral Commission comprises the members of the Redistribution Committee, together with the Chairperson of the AEC and the non-judicial member of the AEC.

The augmented Electoral Commission may hold public hearings and, if necessary, will make a revised proposal. If the revised proposal is considered sufficiently different to the Redistribution Committee's proposal, further objections will be invited. The augmented Commission will consider any further objections lodged in response to a revised proposal and will then make a final determination of divisional boundaries and names. Details of the determination will be published and tabled in Federal Parliament. The final determination is not subject to appeal.

For voting purposes the new boundaries will come into effect at the next general election, although electoral enrolment on the new boundaries will commence from the date the final determination is made.

What is a redistribution?

A redistribution is a redrawing of electoral boundaries to ensure that, as nearly as is practicable, there are the same number of electors in each Division within a State or Territory.

A quota is used to determine the number of Divisions to which each State and Territory is entitled. At the time of a redistribution, the number of people enrolled in each new electoral Division may not vary from the State average by more than 10%. The boundaries are drawn so that after 3.5 years (31 March 2004 in Western Australia), the projected number of people enrolled in each Division should not vary from the State average by more than 3.5%.

What causes a redistribution?

The Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 defines three triggers that can cause a redistribution. A redistribution is held when:

  1. there is a change in the State or Territory's entitlement to Members of the House of Representatives; or
  2. the number of electors in more than one-third of the Divisions in a State or in one of the ACT Divisions deviates from the average Divisional enrolment by more than 10 percent in three consecutive months; or
  3. seven years has elapsed since the State or Territory was last redistributed.

Previous Western Australian redistributions

Western Australia was last redistributed in 1997 (commenced in 1996), as seven years had elapsed since the previous redistribution in 1989.

DETERMINATION OF QUOTA AT 23 DECEMBER 1999
Number of Divisions into which Western Australia is to be redistributed 15
Number of electors in Western Australia 1 184 058
Quota for Western Australia 78 937
Permissible maximum number of electors (+10%) in a Division 86 830
Permissible minimum number of electors (-10%) in a Division 71 044
At the midpoint of the expected life of the redistribution, the number of people enrolled in each Division should be within plus or minus 3.5% of the projected average enrolment.

Proposed Boundaries and Names for Federal Electoral Divisions Western Australia

3 maps, one showing the proposed Division of Kalgoorlie, one showing the proposed Divisions of Brand, Canning, Cowan, Curtin, Fremantle, Hasluck, Moore, Perth, Stirling, Swan and Tangney and one showing the proposed Divisions of Forrest, O'Connor and Pearce
STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF THE PROPOSED DIVISIONS
Proposed name of Division Actual
no. of
electors
at
23.12.99
Var%
(A)
Projected
enrolment
at 31.3.04
Var%
(P)
Growth
%
Area
(sq km)
Brand 74 528 -5.59 88 665 1.45 18.97 429.51
Canning 72 045 -8.73 86 896 -0.58 20.61 7 158.91
Cowan 77 536 -1.77 89 164 2.02 15.00 195.85
Curtin 83 424 5.68 85 898 -1.72 2.97 89.48
Forrest 79 009 0.09 90 070 3.05 14.00 21 142.62
Fremantle 78 079 -1.09 86 479 -1.05 10.76 199.33
Hasluck 78 772 -0.21 86 101 -1.49 9.30 197.29
Kalgoorlie 82 701 4.77 89 775 2.72 8.55 2 295 354.21
Moore 72 538 -8.11 84 988 -2.76 17.16 78.49
O'Connor 82 894 5.01 86 790 -0.7 4.70 179 047.29
Pearce 73 692 -6.64 87 819 0.48 19.17 26 296.35
Perth 81 090 2.73 87 333 -0.08 7.70 73.02
Stirling 86 076 9.04 88 758 1.55 3.12 76.33
Swan 78 145 -1 84 956 -2.8 8.72 108.55
Tangney 83 529 5.82 87 310 -0.1 4.53 69.97
WA 1 184 058 0 1 311 002 0 10.72 2 527 517.2
ENROLMENT PROJECTIONS FOR 31 MARCH 2004
Number of Divisions into which Western Australia is to be redistributed 15
Projected number of electors in Western Australia 1 311 002
Projected average enrolment 87 400
Projected average enrolment plus 3.5% 90 459
Projected average enrolment minus 3.5% 84 341
REDISTRIBUTION COMMITTEE MEMBERS
Electoral Commissioner Mr Andy Becker
Australian Electoral Officer for Western Australia Mr Andrew Moyes
Surveyor-General for Western Australia Mr Henry Houghton
Auditor-General for Western Australia Mr Des Pearson

Australian Electoral Commission Contacts

Central Office

Electoral Commissioner (02) 6271 4400
Andy Becker

Deputy Electoral Commissioner (02) 6271 4410
Mark Cunliffe (acting)

Director, Information
Anthea Wilson (acting) (02) 6271 4415

Assistant Directors, Information
Bernadette O'Meara (02) 6271 4548
Silvana Puizina (02) 6271 4431

Editor, Newsfile
Margaret Meneghel (02) 6271 4505

Redistribution Secretariat
Wayne Seymour (02) 6271 4688

State/Territory Offices

The administration of federal elections and referendums are under the control of the Australian Electoral Officer (AEO) for that State or Territory.

AEOs may be contacted on the following numbers.

New South Wales

Frances Howat
Ph. (02) 9375 6333
Fx. (02) 9281 9384

Victoria

David Muffet
Ph. (03) 9285 7171
Fx. (03) 9285 7178

Queensland

Bob Longland
Ph. (07) 3834 3400
Fx. (07) 3831 7223

Western Australia

Andrew Moyes
Ph. (08) 9470 7299
Fx. (08) 9472 3551

South Australia

Geoff Halsey
Ph. (08) 8237 6555
Fx. (08) 8231 2664

Tasmania

Alex Stanelos
Ph. (03) 6235 0500
Fx. (03) 6234 4268

Northern Territory

Bill Shepheard
Ph. (08) 8982 8000
Fx. (08) 8981 7964

NATIONAL ENQUIRY SERVICE 13 23 26.

Further Information

The AEC produces a range of information materials for political parties, journalists and other people interested in the electoral process.

These are available from all AEC offices and the AEC internet web site.