Australian Electoral Commission

Electoral Newsfile 87: Referendum 1999 Results Guide

Updated: 5 December 2007

On November 6 1999, Australian electors voted in a constitutional referendum on whether Australia should become a republic and whether to insert a preamble to the Constitution.

The following two questions were put to the vote on two seperate ballot papers:

A Proposed Law

To alter the Constitution to establish the Commonwealth of Australia as a republic with the Queen and Governor-General being replaced by a President appointed by a two-thirds majority of the members of the Commonwealth Parliament.

A Proposed Law

To alter the Constitution to insert a preamble.

For a referendum to produce constitutional change there must be a double majority. This means that a majority of Australian voters and a majority of voters in a majority of the States must agree to the changes.

The votes of people living in any of Australia's internal or external Territories only count towards the national majority.

Neither a majority of Australian voters or a majority of voters in a majority of States accepted the proposed changes for either question put at the 1999 referendum. Therefore neither referendum question was carried.

Votes Cast
Type %
ordinary votes 83.82
absent votes 7.09
provisional votes 0.55
pre-poll votes 5.38
postal votes 3.16

Key Dates

Official Announcement: 12 August 1999

Joint media release issued by the Attorney General and the Special Minister of State.

Issue of Writ: Friday 1 October 1999

The issue of the Writ triggered the referendum process. A Writ is a document directing that a referendum be held and contains dates for the close of rolls, polling day (which must be a Saturday) and the return of the Writ.

Close of rolls: Friday 8 October 1999

Electors had until 8pm, seven days after the Writ was issued, to enrol or to update their details on the Commonwealth electoral roll.

Polling day: Saturday 6 November 1999

The day on which the majority of electors cast their vote by attending at a polling place. It must be not less than 33 days and not more than 58 days after the issue of the Writ and on a Saturday.

Return of the Writ: Tuesday 30 November

The Writs, with the results of the referendum, were returned to the Governor-General on this date.

State results – Republic question
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
NSW 1817380 46.43 2096562 53.57 3913942 99.12 34772 0.88 3948714 95.25
VIC 1489536 49.84 1499138 50.16 2988674 99.07 28063 0.93 3016737 95.35
QLD 784060 37.44 1309992 62.56 2094052 99.31 14642 0.69 2108694 94.74
WA 458306 41.48 646520 58.52 1104826 99.15 9500 0.85 1114326 94.73
SA 425869 43.57 551575 56.43 977444 99.09 8950 0.91 986394 96.00
TAS 126271 40.37 186513 59.63 3 12784 99.09 2857 0.91 315641 96.31
ACT 127211 63.27 73850 36.73 201061 99.23 1553 0.77 202614 95.31
NT 44391 48.77 46637 51.23 91028 99.07 852 0.93 91880 84.96
AUS 5273024 45.13 6410787 54.87 11683811 99.14 101189 0.86 11785000 95.13
State results – Preamble question
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
NSW 1647378 42.14 2261960 57.86 3909338 99.01 39144 0.99 3948482 95.24
VIC 1268044 42.46 1718331 57.54 2986375 98.99 30341 1.01 3016716 95.35
QLD 686644 32.81 1405841 67.19 2092485 99.23 16174 0.77 2108659 94.74
WA 383477 34.73 720542 65.27 1104019 99.06 10436 0.94 1114455 94.74
SA 371965 38.10 604245 61.90 976210 98.95 10325 1.05 986535 96.01
TAS 111415 35.67 200906 64.33 312321 98.94 3343 1.06 315664 96.32
ACT 87629 43.61 113293 56.39 200922 99.16 1696 0.84 202618 95.31
NT 35011 38.52 55880 61.48 90891 98.90 1015 1.10 91906 84.98
AUS 4591563 39.34 7080998 60.66 11672561 99.05 112474 0.95 11785035 95.13

Divisional results: Republic question

New South Wales
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Banks 34719 45.76 41156 54.24 75875 99.06 717 0.94 76592 95.44
Barton 40691 51.76 37930 48.24 78621 98.88 887 1.12 79508 94.83
Bennelong 43950 54.62 36508 45.38 80458 99.22 629 0.78 81087 95.52
Berowra 42850 51.72 39993 48.28 82843 99.34 551 0.66 83394 95.47
Blaxland 37013 48.99 38545 51.01 75558 98.31 1299 1.69 76857 94.65
Bradfield 43000 55.61 34331 44.39 77331 99.44 439 0.56 77770 95.18
Calare 27938 36.89 47788 63.11 75726 99.21 606 0.79 76332 96.52
Charlton 36720 43.70 47308 56.30 84028 99.13 739 0.87 84767 96.51
Chifley 33230 42.15 45601 57.85 78831 98.83 935 1.17 79766 95.13
Cook 36420 47.13 40862 52.87 77282 99.31 535 0.69 77817 95.60
Cowper 30100 39.39 46319 60.61 76419 99.32 523 0.68 76942 95.35
Cunningham 39450 53.63 34110 46.37 73560 99.11 661 0.89 74221 95.44
Dobell 34680 42.54 46839 57.46 81519 99.23 632 0.77 82151 95.41
Eden-Monaro 34967 46.13 40841 53.87 75808 99.18 626 0.82 76434 95.42
Farrer 24008 33.89 46823 66.11 70831 99.24 539 0.76 71370 95.31
Fowler 44576 51.89 41334 48.11 85910 98.52 1287 1.48 87197 93.91
Gilmore 32970 42.49 44626 57.51 77596 99.37 491 0.63 78087 95.86
Grayndler 51774 64.77 28155 35.23 79929 98.80 974 1.20 80903 93.44
Greenway 37660 45.02 45996 54.98 83656 98.79 1022 1.21 84678 95.56
Gwydir 19274 27.79 50081 72.21 69355 99.40 418 0.60 69773 94.75
Hughes 42049 49.16 43493 50.84 85542 99.23 663 0.77 86205 96.18
Hume 25258 34.90 47122 65.10 72380 99.30 510 0.70 72890 96.07
Hunter 27391 36.81 47014 63.19 74405 99.31 516 0.69 74921 96.50
Kingsford-Smith 41655 55.19 33814 44.81 75469 99.03 741 0.97 76210 94.33
Lindsay 33623 41.10 48180 58.90 81803 99.08 761 0.92 82564 96.03
Lowe 44551 56.59 34176 43.41 78727 99.02 780 0.98 79507 94.59
Lyne 31045 38.41 49785 61.59 80830 99.37 515 0.63 81345 96.32
Macarthur 36694 40.20 54593 59.80 91287 99.13 805 0.87 92092 95.73
Mackellar 38831 49.43 39730 50.57 78561 99.25 592 0.75 79153 94.88
Macquarie 35038 44.07 44474 55.93 79512 99.25 597 0.75 80109 95.67
Mitchell 38573 46.89 43684 53.11 82257 99.31 571 0.69 82828 96.14
New England 23328 32.61 48203 67.39 71531 99.35 469 0.65 72000 95.62
Newcastle 37797 51.02 36292 48.98 74089 99.21 588 0.79 74677 95.27
North Sydney 51482 61.28 32527 38.72 84009 99.33 567 0.67 84576 94.85
Page 29925 38.79 47213 61.21 77138 99.25 586 0.75 77724 95.86
Parkes 22592 30.47 51549 69.53 74141 99.24 567 0.76 74708 95.05
Parramatta 36405 48.35 38893 51.65 75298 99.14 655 0.86 75953 94.91
Paterson 32129 39.67 48859 60.33 80988 99.28 584 0.72 81572 96.89
Prospect 37060 49.81 37348 50.19 74408 98.65 1019 1.35 75427 95.33
Reid 37802 48.99 39364 51.01 77166 98.51 1169 1.49 78335 94.13
Richmond 39208 46.13 45790 53.87 84998 99.15 728 0.85 85726 94.76
Riverina 25701 33.50 51017 66.50 76718 99.23 599 0.77 77317 95.91
Robertson 34533 43.98 43991 56.02 78524 99.24 602 0.76 79126 95.77
Shortland 34975 45.42 42024 54.58 76999 99.27 567 0.73 77566 96.33
Sydney 56921 67.85 26973 32.15 83894 99.11 752 0.89 84646 92.23
Throsby 35830 46.93 40525 53.07 76355 99.01 767 0.99 77122 96.00
Warringah 40956 54.49 34208 45.51 75164 99.31 524 0.69 75688 94.43
Watson 41253 54.39 34599 45.61 75852 98.71 990 1.29 76842 93.93
Wentworth 46013 60.19 30435 39.81 76448 99.19 624 0.81 77072 93.40
Werriwa 32772 41.85 45541 58.15 78313 98.92 854 1.08 79167 94.54
State Total 1817380 46.43 2096562 53.57 3913942 99.12 34772 0.88 3948714 95.25
Victoria
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Aston 43210 51.55 40612 48.45 83822 99.12 745 0.88 84567 96.26
Ballarat 32784 40.91 47345 59.09 80129 99.21 642 0.79 80771 96.33
Batman 50809 61.25 32142 38.75 82951 98.67 1114 1.33 84065 94.16
Bendigo 31333 38.22 50642 61.78 81975 99.28 595 0.72 82570 96.43
Bruce 44229 54.47 36966 45.53 81195 98.99 828 1.01 82023 95.11
Burke 35800 44.93 43885 55.07 79685 99.05 761 0.95 80446 95.71
Calwell 46643 53.88 39918 46.12 86561 98.80 1048 1.20 87609 94.77
Casey 35778 45.45 42937 54.55 78715 99.11 707 0.89 79422 95.94
Chisholm 46815 57.26 34937 42.74 81752 99.15 704 0.85 82456 95.58
Corangamite 35704 45.20 43280 54.80 78984 99.28 569 0.72 79553 96.47
Corio 35762 44.53 44554 55.47 80316 98.98 828 1.02 81144 96.18
Deakin 42565 52.87 37937 47.13 80502 99.17 675 0.83 81177 95.77
Dunkley 36098 45.33 43533 54.67 79631 99.18 657 0.82 80288 95.54
Flinders 34465 41.91 47779 58.09 82244 99.11 737 0.89 82981 96.06
Gellibrand 44972 56.90 34069 43.10 79041 98.70 1045 1.30 80086 93.60
Gippsland 27335 34.85 51092 65.15 78427 99.29 563 0.71 78990 95.81
Goldstein 48951 58.01 35439 41.99 84390 99.29 600 0.71 84990 94.62
Higgins 51813 63.66 29574 36.34 81387 99.19 666 0.81 82053 93.89
Holt 38884 48.71 40947 51.29 79831 98.78 982 1.22 80813 95.38
Hotham 45489 54.20 38445 45.80 83934 98.93 910 1.07 84844 94.85
Indi 29451 36.87 50433 63.13 79884 99.28 580 0.72 80464 95.58
Isaacs 35959 46.71 41031 53.29 76990 99.05 738 0.95 77728 95.57
Jagajaga 47419 56.79 36083 43.21 83502 99.19 685 0.81 84187 95.72
Kooyong 52335 64.24 29137 35.76 81472 99.24 628 0.76 82100 94.90
La Trobe 38116 48.41 40614 51.59 78730 99.11 703 0.89 79433 95.48
Lalor 39127 48.73 41167 51.27 80294 98.86 929 1.14 81223 96.02
Mallee 22395 28.78 55426 71.22 77821 99.26 577 0.74 78398 96.10
Maribyrnong 44633 56.77 33992 43.23 78625 98.67 1057 1.33 79682 95.14
McEwen 35957 44.52 44811 55.48 80768 99.15 689 0.85 81457 96.00
McMillan 29046 36.37 50807 63.63 79853 99.27 591 0.73 80444 96.35
Melbourne 59994 70.92 24604 29.08 84598 98.93 919 1.07 85517 92.02
MelbournePorts 51520 65.90 26663 34.10 78183 99.04 756 0.96 78939 92.25
Menzies 47410 59.85 31801 40.15 79211 99.18 653 0.82 79864 95.72
Murray 24675 30.48 56271 69.52 80946 99.26 603 0.74 81549 96.46
Scullin 45930 56.32 35619 43.68 81549 98.79 1002 1.21 82551 95.85
Wannon 28041 35.54 50865 64.46 78906 99.31 546 0.69 79452 96.87
Wills 48089 58.74 33781 41.26 81870 98.76 1031 1.24 82901 94.11
State Total 1489536 49.84 1499138 50.16 2988674 99.07 28063 0.93 3016737 95.35
Queensland
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Blair 18078 25.36 53221 74.64 71299 99.40 427 0.60 71726 95.86
Bowman 30481 38.97 47735 61.03 78216 99.29 557 0.71 78773 96.04
Brisbane 48178 57.28 35926 42.72 84104 99.27 615 0.73 84719 92.99
Capricornia 24132 31.86 51614 68.14 75746 99.43 433 0.57 76179 94.96
Dawson 25167 31.03 55945 68.97 81112 99.31 562 0.69 81674 95.61
Dickson 32397 41.22 46199 58.78 78596 99.26 582 0.74 79178 96.20
Fadden 27951 36.96 47674 63.04 75625 99.24 582 0.76 76207 94.21
Fairfax 27741 37.72 45801 62.28 73542 99.30 519 0.70 74061 94.81
Fisher 28577 38.50 45652 61.50 74229 99.28 536 0.72 74765 94.77
Forde 23117 31.33 50680 68.67 73797 99.25 558 0.75 74355 94.71
Griffith 39789 47.79 43472 52.21 83261 99.26 622 0.74 83883 94.56
Groom 21406 27.42 56661 72.58 78067 99.44 436 0.56 78503 96.03
Herbert 30938 38.53 49349 61.47 80287 99.37 512 0.63 80799 94.02
Hinkler 22989 30.64 52031 69.36 75020 99.37 478 0.63 75498 95.50
Kennedy 23326 29.79 54977 70.21 78303 99.22 618 0.78 78921 93.35
Leichhardt 30301 41.00 43602 59.00 73903 99.20 593 0.80 74496 92.28
Lilley 35308 43.56 45754 56.44 81062 99.31 565 0.69 81627 94.69
Longman 24750 33.46 49225 66.54 73975 99.26 553 0.74 74528 95.43
Maranoa 17944 22.84 60610 77.16 78554 99.43 448 0.57 79002 94.94
McPherson 32855 40.71 47849 59.29 80704 99.34 533 0.66 81237 94.30
Moncrieff 30274 39.00 47344 61.00 77618 99.26 578 0.74 78196 93.65
Moreton 38878 47.91 42262 52.09 81140 99.32 555 0.68 81695 94.96
Oxley 26218 34.57 49633 65.43 75851 99.19 616 0.81 76467 94.97
Petrie 31711 39.08 49439 60.92 81150 99.36 522 0.64 81672 95.04
Rankin 28107 37.77 46301 62.23 74408 99.04 721 0.96 75129 94.38
Ryan 44395 55.30 35883 44.70 80278 99.43 464 0.57 80742 94.83
Wide Bay 19052 25.67 55153 74.33 74205 99.39 457 0.61 74662 95.20
State Total 784060 37.44 1309992 62.56 2094052 99.31 14642 0.69 2108694 94.74
Western Australia
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Brand 25801 33.69 50791 66.31 76592 99.18 637 0.82 77229 95.72
Canning 25283 32.73 51967 67.27 77250 99.14 668 0.86 77918 95.13
Cowan 32464 42.95 43117 57.05 75581 99.14 655 0.86 76236 96.02
Curtin 45217 55.49 36269 44.51 81486 99.21 653 0.79 82139 94.85
Forrest 28274 34.86 52826 65.14 81100 99.21 643 0.79 81743 95.81
Fremantle 39363 48.28 42173 51.72 81536 98.97 847 1.03 82383 95.37
Kalgoorlie 26898 37.87 44134 62.13 71032 99.22 558 0.78 71590 86.65
Moore 32781 42.58 44207 57.42 76988 99.29 550 0.71 77538 95.33
O'Connor 22410 28.08 57387 71.92 79797 99.24 608 0.76 80405 95.09
Pearce 29606 37.17 50053 62.83 79659 99.17 665 0.83 80324 95.59
Perth 38330 47.38 42569 52.62 80899 98.92 883 1.08 81782 95.02
Stirling 39448 48.42 42021 51.58 81469 98.99 835 1.01 82304 95.02
Swan 34434 43.16 45346 56.84 79780 99.09 734 0.91 80514 94.73
Tangney 37997 46.53 43660 53.47 81657 99.31 564 0.69 82221 95.83
State Total 458306 41.48 646520 58.52 1104826 99.15 9500 0.85 1114326 94.73
South Australia
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Adelaide 45580 56.39 35252 43.61 80832 99.11 723 0.89 81555 94.53
Barker 26709 32.43 55655 67.57 82364 99.13 727 0.87 83091 96.57
Bonython 26405 33.28 52929 66.72 79334 98.82 946 1.18 80280 96.07
Boothby 44354 51.87 41152 48.13 85506 99.23 662 0.77 86168 96.46
Grey 26319 32.33 55090 67.67 81409 99.14 704 0.86 82113 94.49
Hindmarsh 39732 49.51 40515 50.49 80247 98.96 845 1.04 81092 96.23
Kingston 33014 41.43 46666 58.57 79680 99.20 646 0.80 80326 96.72
Makin 34923 41.70 48830 58.30 83753 99.20 676 0.80 84429 96.76
Mayo 39391 49.24 40599 50.76 79990 99.20 649 0.80 80639 96.48
Port Adelaide 38785 47.54 42798 52.46 81583 98.87 935 1.13 82518 95.59
Sturt 43544 53.73 37497 46.27 81041 99.14 703 0.86 81744 95.38
Wakefield 27113 33.18 54592 66.82 81705 99.11 734 0.89 82439 96.72
State Total 425869 43.57 551575 56.43 977444 99.09 8950 0.91 986394 96.00
Tasmania
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Bass 23030 37.16 38949 62.84 61979 99.04 602 0.96 62581 96.02
Braddon 19061 32.24 40065 67.76 59126 99.02 585 0.98 59711 96.63
Denison 33130 52.38 30118 47.62 63248 99.14 551 0.86 63799 95.83
Franklin 29046 46.23 33779 53.77 62825 99.15 537 0.85 63362 96.45
Lyons 22004 33.54 43602 66.46 65606 99.12 582 0.88 66188 96.65
State Total 126271 40.37 186513 59.63 312784 99.09 2857 0.91 315641 96.31
Australian Capital Territory
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Canberra 62575 62.08 38220 37.92 100795 99.26 748 0.74 101543 95.62
Fraser 64636 64.46 35630 35.54 100266 99.20 805 0.80 101071 95.00
State Total 127211 63.27 73850 36.73 201061 99.23 1553 0.77 202614 95.31
Northern Territory
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
NT 44391 48.77 46637 51.23 91028 99.07 852 0.93 91880 84.96
State Total 44391 48.77 46637 51.23 91028 99.07 852 0.93 91880 84.96

Divisional Results: Preamble Question

New South Wales
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Banks 32042 42.29 43721 57.71 75763 98.90 846 1.10 76609 95.46
Barton 38125 48.56 40383 51.44 78508 98.76 989 1.24 79497 94.82
Bennelong 42199 52.49 38196 47.51 80395 99.15 693 0.85 81088 95.52
Berowra 39555 47.80 43188 52.20 82743 99.23 641 0.77 83384 95.46
Blaxland 35076 46.51 40344 53.49 75420 98.13 1440 1.87 76860 94.66
Bradfield 39878 51.63 37362 48.37 77240 99.32 530 0.68 77770 95.18
Calare 25153 33.23 50547 66.77 75700 99.18 628 0.82 76328 96.52
Charlton 32286 38.46 51668 61.54 83954 99.04 818 0.96 84772 96.52
Chifley 31513 40.03 47216 59.97 78729 98.70 1039 1.30 79768 95.13
Cook 34410 44.58 42771 55.42 77181 99.21 613 0.79 77794 95.57
Cowper 25337 33.17 51046 66.83 76383 99.29 548 0.71 76931 95.33
Cunningham 34200 46.53 39297 53.47 73497 99.00 745 1.00 74242 95.47
Dobell 32121 39.46 49287 60.54 81408 99.10 737 0.90 82145 95.40
Eden-Monaro 29711 39.24 46014 60.76 75725 99.10 687 0.90 76412 95.39
Farrer 22661 31.99 48166 68.01 70827 99.24 546 0.76 71373 95.31
Fowler 42378 49.47 43291 50.53 85669 98.29 1492 1.71 87161 93.87
Gilmore 30280 39.05 47255 60.95 77535 99.30 548 0.70 78083 95.86
Grayndler 40847 51.15 39013 48.85 79860 98.75 1008 1.25 80868 93.40
Greenway 35880 42.94 47688 57.06 83568 98.69 1106 1.31 84674 95.56
Gwydir 18894 27.25 50430 72.75 69324 99.37 443 0.63 69767 94.74
Hughes 38144 44.65 47284 55.35 85428 99.12 757 0.88 86185 96.16
Hume 23935 33.11 48354 66.89 72289 99.18 594 0.82 72883 96.06
Hunter 24860 33.46 49443 66.54 74303 99.17 623 0.83 74926 96.50
Kingsford-Smith 36863 48.88 38548 51.12 75411 98.97 787 1.03 76198 94.32
Lindsay 31654 38.75 50029 61.25 81683 98.93 887 1.07 82570 96.04
Lowe 40022 50.90 38607 49.10 78629 98.88 892 1.12 79521 94.60
Lyne 28545 35.35 52198 64.65 80743 99.26 599 0.74 81342 96.31
Macarthur 35080 38.49 56067 61.51 91147 98.98 939 1.02 92086 95.73
Mackellar 36352 46.33 42106 53.67 78458 99.08 725 0.92 79183 94.91
Macquarie 31396 39.53 48027 60.47 79423 99.16 671 0.84 80094 95.65
Mitchell 38057 46.32 44103 53.68 82160 99.18 678 0.82 82838 96.15
New England 21773 30.44 49751 69.56 71524 99.32 487 0.68 72011 95.64
Newcastle 31948 43.16 42066 56.84 74014 99.12 655 0.88 74669 95.26
North Sydney 43804 52.19 40131 47.81 83935 99.25 633 0.75 84568 94.85
Page 25383 32.90 51769 67.10 77152 99.26 579 0.74 77731 95.87
Parkes 21120 28.50 52979 71.50 74099 99.20 599 0.80 74698 95.04
Parramatta 34590 46.01 40586 53.99 75176 98.97 781 1.03 75957 94.92
Paterson 30788 38.06 50114 61.94 80902 99.20 655 0.80 81557 96.87
Prospect 35257 47.49 38978 52.51 74235 98.43 1186 1.57 75421 95.32
Reid 35927 46.63 41115 53.37 77042 98.33 1305 1.67 78347 94.15
Richmond 32309 38.04 52626 61.96 84935 99.11 764 0.89 85699 94.73
Riverina 25345 33.09 51245 66.91 76590 99.09 703 0.91 77293 95.89
Robertson 31991 40.78 46454 59.22 78445 99.12 696 0.88 79141 95.79
Shortland 31000 40.30 45920 59.70 76920 99.15 659 0.85 77579 96.35
Sydney 41508 49.48 42387 50.52 83895 99.11 751 0.89 84646 92.23
Throsby 31786 41.70 44448 58.30 76234 98.85 887 1.15 77121 95.99
Warringah 37210 49.58 37838 50.42 75048 99.16 634 0.84 75682 94.42
Watson 38884 51.40 36768 48.60 75652 98.44 1196 1.56 76848 93.94
Wentworth 38360 50.31 37882 49.69 76242 99.01 763 0.99 77005 93.32
Werriwa 30941 39.57 47254 60.43 78195 98.78 962 1.22 79157 94.52
State Total 1647378 42.14 2261960 57.86 3909338 99.01 39144 0.99 3948482 95.24
Victoria
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Aston 36517 43.60 47231 56.40 83748 99.02 832 0.98 84580 96.28
Ballarat 28889 36.08 51185 63.92 80074 99.17 672 0.83 80746 96.30
Batman 42382 51.10 40554 48.90 82936 98.64 1141 1.36 84077 94.18
Bendigo 26678 32.56 55251 67.44 81929 99.22 644 0.78 82573 96.44
Bruce 39191 48.28 41983 51.72 81174 98.93 876 1.07 82050 95.14
Burke 30779 38.64 48868 61.36 79647 98.99 811 1.01 80458 95.72
Calwell 41850 48.41 44603 51.59 86453 98.67 1168 1.33 87621 94.79
Casey 30607 38.92 48037 61.08 78644 99.02 776 0.98 79420 95.94
Chisholm 38955 47.69 42733 52.31 81688 99.06 774 0.94 82462 95.59
Corangamite 31048 39.35 47854 60.65 78902 99.19 642 0.81 79544 96.46
Corio 30947 38.56 49308 61.44 80255 98.90 894 1.10 81149 96.19
Deakin 35156 43.69 45319 56.31 80475 99.14 695 0.86 81170 95.77
Dunkley 31205 39.22 48359 60.78 79564 99.11 711 0.89 80275 95.53
Flinders 30405 37.00 51769 63.00 82174 99.02 813 0.98 82987 96.07
Gellibrand 38781 49.14 40143 50.86 78924 98.58 1140 1.42 80064 93.57
Gippsland 24161 30.82 54227 69.18 78388 99.25 593 0.75 78981 95.80
Goldstein 40582 48.15 43708 51.85 84290 99.20 682 0.80 84972 94.60
Higgins 41104 50.52 40253 49.48 81357 99.18 674 0.82 82031 93.86
Holt 36000 45.14 43749 54.86 79749 98.66 1086 1.34 80835 95.41
Hotham 39879 47.54 44013 52.46 83892 98.87 956 1.13 84848 94.85
Indi 25632 32.12 54176 67.88 79808 99.21 636 0.79 80444 95.56
Isaacs 30968 40.27 45925 59.73 76893 98.96 811 1.04 77704 95.55
Jagajaga 38502 46.13 44962 53.87 83464 99.15 715 0.85 84179 95.71
Kooyong 41654 51.13 39818 48.87 81472 99.22 638 0.78 82110 94.91
La Trobe 31737 40.33 46947 59.67 78684 99.06 744 0.94 79428 95.47
Lalor 34794 43.35 45475 56.65 80269 98.80 977 1.20 81246 96.05
Mallee 20960 26.95 56815 73.05 77775 99.20 627 0.80 78402 96.11
Maribyrnong 40098 51.07 38416 48.93 78514 98.54 1166 1.46 79680 95.14
McEwen 30245 37.49 50436 62.51 80681 99.07 760 0.93 81441 95.98
McMillan 25426 31.86 54383 68.14 79809 99.22 629 0.78 80438 96.34
Melbourne 43011 50.87 41534 49.13 84545 98.87 967 1.13 85512 92.01
Melbourne Ports 39721 50.83 38431 49.17 78152 98.99 795 1.01 78947 92.26
Menzies 41059 51.89 38065 48.11 79124 99.06 750 0.94 79874 95.73
Murray 22109 27.32 58815 72.68 80924 99.23 628 0.77 81552 96.47
Scullin 40859 50.21 40520 49.79 81379 98.59 1164 1.41 82543 95.84
Wannon 24917 31.61 53917 68.39 78834 99.24 606 0.76 79440 96.85
Wills 41236 50.42 40549 49.58 81785 98.62 1148 1.38 82933 94.15
State Total 1268044 42.46 1718331 57.54 2986375 98.99 30341 1.01 3016716 95.35
Queensland
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Blair 16762 23.52 54491 76.48 71253 99.33 479 0.67 71732 95.87
Bowman 27297 34.89 50935 65.11 78232 99.26 583 0.74 78815 96.09
Brisbane 38116 45.38 45882 54.62 83998 99.15 720 0.85 84718 92.99
Capricornia 20158 26.63 55531 73.37 75689 99.38 474 0.62 76163 94.94
Dawson 21843 26.95 59213 73.05 81056 99.26 603 0.74 81659 95.59
Dickson 28184 35.88 50366 64.12 78550 99.26 586 0.74 79136 96.15
Fadden 25929 34.33 49609 65.67 75538 99.14 654 0.86 76192 94.19
Fairfax 23964 32.59 49569 67.41 73533 99.22 578 0.78 74111 94.88
Fisher 24462 32.98 49717 67.02 74179 99.21 592 0.79 74771 94.78
Forde 21344 28.96 52346 71.04 73690 99.13 649 0.87 74339 94.69
Griffith 33940 40.80 49252 59.20 83192 99.15 714 0.85 83906 94.58
Groom 19934 25.54 58112 74.46 78046 99.41 467 0.59 78513 96.04
Herbert 25809 32.17 54414 67.83 80223 99.27 591 0.73 80814 94.04
Hinkler 19801 26.41 55169 73.59 74970 99.30 527 0.70 75497 95.50
Kennedy 19620 25.06 58659 74.94 78279 99.18 647 0.82 78926 93.36
Leichhardt 24597 33.32 49230 66.68 73827 99.16 629 0.84 74456 92.23
Lilley 30614 37.82 50337 62.18 80951 99.17 674 0.83 81625 94.68
Longman 22197 30.03 51715 69.97 73912 99.19 604 0.81 74516 95.41
Maranoa 17077 21.75 61449 78.25 78526 99.38 487 0.62 79013 94.95
McPherson 30139 37.40 50455 62.60 80594 99.23 624 0.77 81218 94.28
Moncrieff 28230 36.43 49253 63.57 77483 99.11 692 0.89 78175 93.62
Moreton 33599 41.42 47510 58.58 81109 99.28 585 0.72 81694 94.96
Oxley 24509 32.32 51324 67.68 75833 99.15 647 0.85 76480 94.99
Petrie 28273 34.85 52846 65.15 81119 99.29 578 0.71 81697 95.07
Rankin 25714 34.60 48606 65.40 74320 98.94 793 1.06 75113 94.36
Ryan 37756 47.08 42447 52.92 80203 99.33 538 0.67 80741 94.83
Wide Bay 16776 22.62 57404 77.38 74180 99.39 459 0.61 74639 95.17
State Total 686644 32.81 1405841 67.19 2092485 99.23 16174 0.77 2108659 94.74
Western Australia
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Brand 22039 28.79 54506 71.21 76545 99.11 685 0.89 77230 95.72
Canning 21380 27.70 55816 72.30 77196 99.08 716 0.92 77912 95.12
Cowan 27544 36.49 47950 63.51 75494 99.04 734 0.96 76228 96.01
Curtin 37003 45.41 44489 54.59 81492 99.21 652 0.79 82144 94.85
Forrest 24295 29.99 56723 70.01 81018 99.11 724 0.89 81742 95.81
Fremantle 31577 38.76 49891 61.24 81468 98.87 930 1.13 82398 95.39
Kalgoorlie 22454 31.64 48508 68.36 70962 99.09 649 0.91 71611 86.67
Moore 27385 35.60 49545 64.40 76930 99.19 632 0.81 77562 95.36
O'Connor 19932 25.00 59803 75.00 79735 99.17 668 0.83 80403 95.09
Pearce 25080 31.48 54585 68.52 79665 99.14 694 0.86 80359 95.63
Perth 31372 38.80 49494 61.20 80866 98.88 919 1.12 81785 95.02
Stirling 32644 40.12 48723 59.88 81367 98.85 950 1.15 82317 95.03
Swan 28056 35.20 51645 64.80 79701 98.96 838 1.04 80539 94.76
Tangney 32716 40.10 48864 59.90 81580 99.22 645 0.78 82225 95.84
State Total 383477 34.73 720542 65.27 1104019 99.06 10436 0.94 1114455 94.74
South Australia
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Adelaide 36971 45.80 43755 54.20 80726 98.96 847 1.04 81573 94.55
Barker 25695 31.22 56612 68.78 82307 98.99 843 1.01 83150 96.63
Bonython 23523 29.69 55694 70.31 79217 98.68 1057 1.32 80274 96.06
Boothby 37652 44.07 47782 55.93 85434 99.15 735 0.85 86169 96.46
Grey 23294 28.64 58039 71.36 81333 99.04 788 0.96 82121 94.50
Hindmarsh 35070 43.78 45037 56.22 80107 98.78 993 1.22 81100 96.24
Kingston 28867 36.28 50701 63.72 79568 99.06 757 0.94 80325 96.72
Makin 30689 36.69 52960 63.31 83649 99.07 782 0.93 84431 96.76
Mayo 34643 43.37 45242 56.63 79885 99.05 770 0.95 80655 96.49
Port Adelaide 33306 40.87 48196 59.13 81502 98.76 1026 1.24 82528 95.60
Sturt 37035 45.77 43881 54.23 80916 98.99 828 1.01 81744 95.38
Wakefield 25220 30.92 56346 69.08 81566 98.91 899 1.09 82465 96.75
State Total 371965 38.10 604245 61.90 976210 98.95 10325 1.05 986535 96.01
Tasmania
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Bass 21290 34.41 40590 65.59 61880 98.88 704 1.12 62584 96.02
Braddon 18607 31.49 40483 68.51 59090 98.96 622 1.04 59712 96.63
Denison 26646 42.21 36487 57.79 63133 98.96 661 1.04 63794 95.82
Franklin 24429 38.96 38275 61.04 62704 98.95 666 1.05 63370 96.46
Lyons 20443 31.20 45071 68.80 65514 98.96 690 1.04 66204 96.67
State Total 111415 35.67 200906 64.33 312321 98.94 3343 1.06 315664 96.32
Australian Capital Territory
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
Canberra 44311 44.01 56379 55.99 100690 99.17 844 0.83 101534 95.61
Fraser 43318 43.22 56914 56.78 100232 99.16 852 0.84 101084 95.02
State Total 87629 43.61 113293 56.39 200922 99.16 1696 0.84 202618 95.31
Northern Territory
State Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal Votes % Informal Votes % Total Votes %
NT 35011 38.52 55880 61.48 90891 98.90 1015 1.10 91906 84.98
State Total 35011 38.52 55880 61.48 90891 98.90 1015 1.10 91906 84.98

Australian Electorial Commission Contacts

Central Office
Electoral Commissioner
Bill Gray
(02) 6271 4400
Deputy Electoral Commissioner
Andy Becker
(02) 6271 4410
Director, Information
Brien Hellett
(02) 6271 4415
Assistant Directors, Information
Anthea Wilson
Silvana Puizina
(03) 9285 7114
(02) 6271 4431
Editor, Newsfile
Margaret Meneghel
(02) 6271 4505

Further Information

The AEC produces a range of information materials for political parties, journalists and other people interested in elections and referendums.These are available from all AEC and the AEC web site.

AEC'S WEBSITE

Visit the referendum web site at referendum.aec.gov.au.

State/Territory Offices

The administration of the 1999 Referendum in each State and Territory is under the control of the Australian Electoral Officer (AEO) for that State or Territory. An AEO for the ACT is temporarily appointed for each referendum. AEO's may be contacted on the following numbers.

State/Territory contacts
New South Wales
Frances Howat
Ph. (02) 9375 6333
Fx. (02) 9281 9384
Victoria
David Muffet
Ph. (03) 9285 7171
Fx. (03) 9285 7178
Queensland
Bob Longland
Ph. (07) 3834 3400
Fx. (07) 3831 7223
Western Australia
Andrew Moyes
Ph. (08) 9470 7229
Fx. (08) 9472 3551
South Australia
Geoff Halsey
Ph. (08) 8237 6555
Fx. (08) 8231 2664
Tasmania
Alex Stanlos (acting)
Ph. (03) 6235 0500
Fx. (03) 6234 4268
Northern Territory
Kathy Mitchell (acting)
Ph. (08) 8981 1477
Fx. (08) 8981 7964
Australian Capital Territory
Roger Rankin
Ph. (02) 6249 7908
Fx. (02) 6248 7559

Media Liason

Members of the media are asked to use the AEC Central Office and Head Office contact numbers above rather than the enquiry line which appears on AEC advertising.

National Enquiry Service

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