On 28 February 1997, the Electoral Commissioner, Mr Bill Gray, determined that as a result of population changes between the States and Territories, the representative entitlement of Queensland in the House of Representatives would change. As a result of this determination, Queensland will gain a seat at the next general election. Further details of the 1997 redistribution process of Queensland are contained in Electoral Newsfile numbers 62 and 64.
The new federal electoral boundaries for the 27 divisions for Queensland have been finalised by the augmented Electoral Commission for Queensland.
Electoral Newsfile number 64 (July 1997) outlined the proposals of the Redistribution Committee for Queensland. The augmented Electoral Commission reviewed the proposed redistribution for the State and considered all 71 objections to the proposal as well as the material put before it during public hearings held in September 1997.
The augmented Electoral Commission for Queensland substaintally adopted the proposal of the Redistribution Committee, except for a number of changes arising from the objections process.
The changes made by the augmented Commission to the redistribution proposal are as follows:
Various concerns were expressed regarding the split of Ipswich central business district in the first proposal. In addressing these concerns, the Commission has transferred parts of Tivoli, North Ipswich and Churchill into Blair in exchange for those areas of Ipswich and West Ipswich bounded by the Rosewood railway line, Bremer River and Deebing Creek now transferred back to Oxley.
The part of Corinda north of Clewley Street has been returned to Ryan.
The portion of Stafford bounded by Kedron Brook, Webster Road and Stafford Road has been returned to Brisbane from the proposed Division of Petrie while the Lilley/Petrie boundary has been moved west to follow the Gateway Arterial Road rather than the Deagon Deviation.
Two changes have been made to these Divisions. The proposed southeastern boundary of Fisher has been moved further south to incorporate that part of Bribie Island and the adjoining mainland included in Caloundra City. At Mooloolah, the Fisher boundary has been moved south to encompass the village by following the railway line and State Forest boundary.
There were objections to the proposal to split the coastal communities of Cooloola Shire with the Tin Can Bay area in Wide Bay and the remainder of Cooloola Shire transferred to Fairfax. The Commission has added Rainbow Beach and the other coastal parts of the Shire to Wide Bay.
Number of electors remaining in their previous Division: 1 831 196 (86.82%)
Number of electors transferred to another Division: 278 081 (13.18%)
In the face of strong objections from political parties and a number of individuals, including the Member for Kennedy, the augmented Electoral Commission agreed that the part of Carpentaria Shire including the communities of Pormpuraw and Kowanyama as well as the part of Mareeba Shire from Mt Molloy through Kuranda be returned to Leichhardt. To compensate for this change, additional parts of the Cairns City local government area south of Edmonton and including all of Gordonvale have been transferred to Kennedy in an extension of the changes to this area proposed by the Redistribution Committee.
The augmented Electoral Commission considered the merit of other changes proposed in objections but concluded that the criteria of the Commonwealth Electoral Act were able to be met more completely by retaining the proposals made by the Redistribution Committee. Of particular note in this regard were the wide range of changes advocated by a number of objectors to the Shires inland of Bundaberg, Gladstone and Rockhampton.
The augmented Commission resolved that the agreed changes were not significant and, therefore, the redistribution process was concluded without the need for further objections or hearings.
A final report on the 1997 Queensland redistribution process will be available following tabling in Federal Parliament in early 1998.
A redistribution is a redrawing of electoral boundaries to ensure that, as nearly as practicable, there are the same number of electors in each Division for a given State or Territory. A quota is used to determine the number of Divisions each State and Territory is entitled to.
At the time of the redistribution, the number of people enrolled in each electoral Division may not vary from the quota by more or less than 10 percent. The boundaries are also drawn with the aim that three and a half years after the redistribution, the number of people enrolled in each Division should be within plus or minus two percent of the average.
The Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 defines three triggers that can cause a redistribution:
Redistributions were held in Queensland in 1991 and 1994, triggered each time by population movements. In 1991, Queensland gained the seat of Dickson bringing the State's representative entitlement in the House of Representatives to 25. In 1994, the addition of the seat of Longman brought Queensland's entitlement to 26 seats. As a result of this 1997 redistribution process, Queensland will gain another seat at the next general election bringing the total to 27. The new division is called Blair in honour of Mr Harold Blair AO (1924–1976), a noted Australian tenor and Aboriginal activist.
The new boundaries come into effect at the next general election for Federal Parliament. Any by-elections held prior to the next general election will be conducted on existing boundaries.
|Number of Divisions into which Queensland is to be distributed||27|
|Number of electors enrolled in Queensland||2 109 277|
|Quota for Queensland||78 121|
|Permissible maximum number of electors in a Division||85 933|
|Permissible minimum number of electors in a Division||70 309|
|Projected enrolment in Queensland||2 310 859|
|Average projected enrolment of 27 Divisions||85 587|
|Number of electors 2% above average projected enrolment||87 298|
|Number of electors 2% below average projected enrolment||83 876|
|Name of Division||Number of electors at 30 May 1997||% above or below quota at 30 may 1997||Projected enrolment at June 2001||% above or below average enrolment at June 2001||Area (in square kilometres)|
|Blair||72 966||-6.60||84 185||-1.64||15 095|
|Bowman||76 779||-1.72||84 619||-1.13||600|
|Brisbane||85 909||9.97||84 862||-0.85||72|
|Capricornia||80 986||3.67||89 964||1.61||235 400|
|Dawson||81 653||4.52||87 199||1.88||22 440|
|Dickson||75 459||-3.41||85 215||-0.44||754|
|Fadden||74 614||-4.49||84 556||-1.21||591|
|Fairfax||72 150||-7.64||84 279||-1.53||4 270|
|Fisher||71 713||-8.20||87 270||1.97||558|
|Forde||71 256||-8.79||86 565||1.14||4 873|
|Griffith||82 894||6.11||84 833||-0.88||123|
|Groom||78 569||0.57||84 434||-1.35||6 417|
|Herbert||80 973||3.65||87 198||1.88||2 966|
|Hinkler||75 824||-2.94||84 004||-1.85||15 427|
|Kennedy||83 795||7.26||87 258||1.95||562 160|
|Leichhardt||75 740||-3.05||87 245||1.94||150 236|
|Lilley||85 588||9.56||85 646||0.07||139|
|Longman||71 724||-8.19||86 794||1.41||1 984|
|McPherson||77 520||-0.77||86 449||1.01||369|
|Maranoa||81 951||4.90||84 811||-0.91||650 504|
|Moncrieff||77 746||-0.48||85 133||-0.53||182|
|Moreton||83 770||7.23||85 416||-0.20||107|
|Oxley||76 131||-2.55||84 305||-1.50||669|
|Petrie||82 364||5.43||85 354||0.27||149|
|Rankin||74 090||-5.16||85 390||-0.23||151|
|Ryan||81 440||4.25||85 827||-0.28||238|
|Wide Bay||75 673||-3.13||85 048||-0.63||53 826|
|Total||2 109 277||2 310 859||53 826|
The Electoral Commissioner, Mr Bill Gray, determined that as a result of population changes between the States and Territories, the representative entitlement of Queensland in the House of Representatives would change. As a result of this determination, Queensland will gain a seat at the next general election.
The Redistribution Committee was appointed for the Queensland redistribution.
The Redistribution Committee invited public suggestions regarding the redistribution.
The Redistribution Committee received nine suggestions from the public on the drawing of the boundaries.
Following the suggestions period, comments on the suggestions were accepted for a 14–day period, ending on 30 May. Seven comments on the suggestions were received.
The Electoral Commissioner determined the Quota of electors in Queensland to be 78 121.
Detailed maps showing the proposed boundaries and names of Divisions, statistical tables and the Committee's reasons were published. The Committee proposed that all the existing divisional names be retained and the new Division be named Blair.
The official Gazette notice inviting objections against the proposal was also published, with a closing date of 25 August.
The Redistribution Committee received 71 objections against its proposal.
The augmented Electoral Commission held an enquiry into the 71 objections against the proposal. At the public hearings, eight submissions were made.
Having considered the proposed redistribution and the objections, the augmented Electoral Commission for Queensland decided that, except for a number of changes arising from the objections process, the Committee's proposals were warranted and announced its decision to that effect.
The augmented Electoral Commission's determination was published in the Gazette on 10 December and a final report is being prepared and will be tabled in Parliament in due course.
The members of the augmented Electoral Commission for Queensland are:
Chairperson of the Australian Electoral Commission Hon Trevor Morling QC
Australian Electoral Commissioner Mr Bill Gray
Non-Judicial Member of the Australian Electoral Commission Mr Bill McLennan
Australian Electoral Officer for Queensland Mr Bob Longland
General Manager, Surveying and Mapping, Queensland Department of Natural Resources Mr Graeme Rush
Queensland State Auditor-General Mr Barrie Rollason
AEC contact numbers
Australian Electoral Officer for Queensland
Bob Longland (07) 3834 3400
Brien Hallett (02) 6271 4415
Assistant Directors Information
Anthea Wilson (02) 6271 4548
Silvana Puizina (02) 6271 4431
Bernadette O'Meara (02) 6271 4505
New South Wales (02) 9375 6333
Victoria (03) 9285 7171
Queensland (07) 3834 3400
Western Australia (08) 9470 7299
South Australia (08) 8237 6555
Tasmania (03) 6235 0500
Northern Territory (08) 8981 1477
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