Redistribution of the Australian Capital Territory into electoral divisions

Updated: 8 February 2016

Appendices

Appendix A: Summary of compliance with legislative requirements

Provision of the Electoral Act

Requirement

Compliance

ss.68(1)

Maps showing the names and boundaries of each proposed electoral division, copies of suggestions and comments on suggestions and reasons for the proposed redistribution to be
made available in each AEC office
in the state

The required information was made available in the AEC office in the Australian Capital Territory from Friday 11 September 2015

ss.68(1) and (2)

Invitation to peruse maps showing the names and boundaries of each proposed electoral division, copies of suggestions and comments on suggestions and reasons for the proposed redistribution and to
make written objections and
written comments on objections

Gazette notice was published on Friday 11 September 2015

Notices published in:

  • The Canberra Times and The Weekend Australian on Saturday 12 September 2015,
  • The Canberra Times on Wednesday 16 September 2015 and Saturday 19 September 2015, and
  • the South Coast Register on Wednesday 16 September 2015

para 68(2)(a)

Objections close at 6pm on the
4th Friday after publication of the Gazette notice

Objections closed at 6pm (AEDT) on Friday 9 October 2015

ss.69(2)

Objections made available for
public perusal starting on the 5th Monday after publication of the Gazette notice

Objections were made available in the office of the senior Divisional Returning Officer for the Australian Capital Territory and on the AEC website on Monday 12 October 2015

para 68(2)(b)

Comments on objections close at 6pm on the 6th Friday after publication of the Gazette notice

Comments on objections closed at 6pm (AEDT) on Friday 23 October 2015

ss.69(4)

Comments on objections made available for public perusal
starting on the 7th Monday after publication of the Gazette notice

Comments on objections were made available in the office of the senior Divisional Returning Officer for the Australian Capital Territory and on the AEC website on Monday 26 October 2015

ss.72(1)

Consideration of all objections
and comments on objections received by the statutory timeframe

The augmented Electoral Commission considered each of the 29 objections and five comments on objections received

ss.72(3)

Inquiry/inquiries into objections
held (if required)

An inquiry into objections was held in Canberra on Monday 2 November 2015

ss.72(2)

Consideration of objections is to conclude before the expiration of 60 days after the close of comments on objections

Consideration of objections by the augmented Electoral Commission was concluded on Monday 2 November 2015

para 72(10)(b)

The augmented Electoral Commission announces the proposed redistribution

The augmented Electoral Commission announced its proposed redistribution on Tuesday 24 November 2015

ss.72(12) and (13)

Further objection period – if required

A further objection period was not required

ss.73(1)

Determination of names and boundaries of electoral divisions published in the Gazette

The names and boundaries of electoral divisions were determined by a notice published in the Gazette on Thursday 28 January 2016

s.74

Reasons for the determination are stated in writing

The augmented Electoral Commission’s reasons for the determination are stated in Chapter 2 and Appendix E of this report

Appendix B: Operation of statutory requirements for the making of a redistribution

Section 73 of the Electoral Act requires the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia to:

  • make a determination of the names and boundaries of the electoral divisions of Western Australia by a notice published in the Gazette,
  • ensure that the number of electoral divisions into which Western Australia is divided equals the number of members of the House of Representatives to be chosen in Western Australia at the next general election, and
  • abide by the following requirements:
  1. In making the determination, the augmented Electoral Commission:
    1. shall, as far as practicable, endeavour to ensure that the number of electors enrolled in each Electoral Division in the State or Territory will not, at the projection time determined under section 63A, be less than 96.5% or more than 103.5% of the average divisional enrolment of that State or Territory at that time; and
    2. subject to paragraph (a), shall give due consideration, in relation to each proposed Electoral Division, to:
      1. community of interests within the proposed Electoral Division, including economic, social and regional interests;
      2. means of communication and travel within the proposed Electoral Division;
      1. the physical features and area of the proposed Electoral Division; and
      2. the boundaries of existing Divisions in the State or Territory;

        and subject thereto the quota of electors for the State or Territory shall be the basis for the proposed redistribution, and the augmented Electoral Commission may adopt a margin of allowance, to be used whenever necessary, but in no case shall the quota be departed from to a greater extent than one-tenth more or one-tenth less.
  1. (A) When applying subsection (4), the augmented Electoral Commission must treat the matter in subparagraph (4)(b)(v) as subordinate to the matters in subparagraphs (4)(b)(i), (ii) and (iv).

These statutory requirements are expressed in a hierarchical order.

The purpose of paragraph 4(a) is suggested by its history. It has undergone some transformation since the Commonwealth Electoral Legislation Amendment Act 1983 stipulated that boundaries were to be drawn, as far as practicable, to achieve equal numbers of electors in each of a state’s electoral divisions three-and-a-half years after a redistribution. By 1984 ‘it was observed that the three-and-a-half year rule had in some areas forced the adoption, on purely numerical grounds, of boundaries which took little account of perceived community of interest’.42 Therefore, in 1987, the rule was relaxed to permit a measure of tolerance to plus or minus two percent from
average projected enrolment. Subsequently, the Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters concluded that:

the numerical criteria do not allow “due consideration”, in the words of the Act, to be given to the qualitative factors. Rather, the political parties and others attempting to frame electoral boundaries essentially find themselves engaged in a mathematical modelling exercise. In order to relax the enrolment requirements to that extent necessary to allow a realistic degree of flexibility the Committee recommends… that subsections 66(3)(a) and 73(4)(a) of the Electoral Act be amended, so as to extend the variation from average divisional enrolment allowed three-and-a-half years after a redistribution from two to 3.5 percent.43

The Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters also, in the same report, refers to its recommended amendment as one that ‘would maintain substantial restrictions on malapportionment [and] would allow other legitimate policy objectives to be more effectively met’.

Paragraph 4(a) follows this recommendation. The terms of the recommendation, and the discussion which preceded it, make clear the purpose of paragraph 3(a), as it now stands, and how it was intended to interact with the other criteria set out in the sub-paragraphs of paragraph (b), to which also ‘due consideration’ must be given. The augmented Electoral Commission has considered the objections, comments on objections, submissions on objections to the inquiry and made its proposed redistribution on this basis.

In summary, the primary criteria are to:

  • endeavour to ensure that the number of electors in the proposed electoral divisions are within a range of 3.5 per cent below or above the projected enrolment quota at the projection time, and
  • ensure that current enrolments are within 10 per cent below or above the current enrolment quota.

The secondary criteria are community of interests, means of communication and travel, and physical features and area. The augmented Electoral Commission also considers the boundaries of existing electoral divisions; however this criterion is subordinate to the others.

Appendix C: Objections to the proposed redistribution of the Australian Capital Territory

29 written objections were received.

No. Submitted by
O1 Robyn Bergin
O2 James Eveille
O3 Geoffrey Robertson
O4 Roger Bacon
O5 Gary Potts
O6 John Clowry
O7 Ronald Sait
O8 Jon Stanhope
O9 Canberra and District Historical Society
O10 Professor Ian Young AO
O11 Harry Burkett
O12 Judith Thompson
O13 Steve Whan
O14 Carol Margaret Keil
O15 Jack Pennington OAM
O16 Tom Anderson
O17 Martin Gordon
O18 Dr Mark Mulcair
O19 Tim Cooke
O20 Lin Enright
O21 Denis Robinson
O22 Darren McSweeney
O23 Catherine Brown
O24 Andrew Fraser
O25 Peter Edwards
O26 Brian Cox
O27 Arno Mikli
O28 ACT Labor
O29 David Wedgwood

Appendix D: Comments on objections to the proposed redistribution of the Australian Capital Territory

Five written comments on objections were received.

No. Submitted by
COB1 Dr Mark Mulcair
COB2 Darren McSweeney
COB3 Martin Gordon
COB4 Brian Cox
COB5 David Wedgwood

Appendix E: Augmented Electoral Commission’s response to themes contained in objections, comments on objections and in submissions to the inquiry into objections

Table H: Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry relating to the placement of electoral divisions and divisional boundaries
Objections and comments on objections recommend… Submission The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded…
No. Submitted by
the location of the suburbs of Braddon and Turner O2 James Eveille for reasons of community of interests, the suburbs of Braddon and Turner will be allocated across the Divisions of Canberra and Fenner, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
O16 Tom Anderson
O18 Dr Mark Mulcair
O28 ACT Labor
COB1 Dr Mark Mulcair
COB2 Darren McSweeney
I1 Martin Gordon
in determining the location of divisional boundaries, consideration should be given to the placement
of Members’ electorate offices
O2 James Eveille a sufficiently strong argument which met the requirements of the Electoral Act was not provided on this point
O28 ACT Labor
the suburbs to the south of Belconnen should be located in the Division of Canberra O2 James Eveille the suburbs to the south of Belconnen remain in the Division of Fenner, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
COB2 Darren McSweeney
I1 Martin Gordon
the Australian Capital Territory should be entitled to three seats in the House of Representatives, not two O7 Ronald Sait the objection was not based on a ground that could be considered by the augmented Electoral Commission in making a proposed redistribution of electoral boundaries. The augmented Electoral Commission came to this conclusion because the Australian Capital Territory remains entitled to two seats in the House of Representatives as determined by the then acting Electoral Commissioner on Thursday 13 November 2014. Detailed information on the process to determine the number of members in House of Representatives for the Australian Capital Territory is in Appendix F
O11 Harry Burkett
the electors living south of Pialligo Avenue should be included in the Division of Fenner O18 Dr Mark Mulcair the boundary between the two electoral divisions will remain Pialligo Avenue, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
I1 Martin Gordon
the Jervis Bay Territory should be included in the Division of Canberra O22 Darren McSweeney to retain the Jervis Bay Territory in the Division of Fenner (the current Division of Fraser), as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
I1 Martin Gordon
support for the inclusion of the Molonglo Valley District within one electoral division O22 Darren McSweeney the Redistribution Committee’s proposal with respect to the Molonglo Valley District remains unaltered

O = objection received, COB = comment on objection received and I = inquiry participant (refer to Appendix C, Appendix D or Appendix G for full list)

Table I: Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry relating to the name of electoral divisions
Objections and comments on objections recommend… Submission The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded…
No. Submitted by
the proposed Division of Fenner should continue to be the Division of Fraser O1 Robyn Bergin the electoral division will be known as the Division of Fenner, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
O2 James Eveille
O3 Geoffrey Robertson
O5 Gary Potts
O6 John Clowry
O8 Jon Stanhope
O9 Canberra and District Historical Society
O11 Harry Burkett
O12 Judith Thompson
O13 Steve Whan
O14 Carol Margaret Keil
O15 Jack Pennington OAM
O16 Tom Anderson
O20 Lin Enright
O21 Denis Robinson
O23 Catherine Brown
O25 Peter Edwards
O27 Arno Mikli
I3 Dr David Nott
I5 Anne Forrest
the proposed Division of Fenner should not continue to be the Division of Fraser O22 Darren McSweeney the electoral division will be known as the Division of Fenner, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
O24 Andrew Fraser
O28 ACT Labor
COB1 Dr Mark Mulcair
the proposed Division of Fenner should be co-named as ‘Fraser’ in honour of both the former member for the Australian Capital Territory, James Fraser, and the former
Prime Minister, the Rt Hon. John Malcolm Fraser AC CH
O1 Robyn Bergin the electoral division will not be co-named but will be known as the Division of Fenner, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
O17 Martin Gordon
O29 David Wedgwood
COB3 Martin Gordon
COB5 David Wedgwood
I1 Martin Gordon
I4 David Wedgwood
I6 Arno Mikli
the proposed Division of Fenner should not be co-named ‘Fraser’ in honour of both the former member for the Australian Capital Territory, James Fraser, and the former
Prime Minister, the Rt Hon. John Malcolm Fraser AC CH
COB1 Dr Mark Mulcair the electoral division will not be co-named but will be known as the Division of Fenner, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
I2 Malcolm Mackerras
the name of the proposed
Division of Fenner should remain as ‘Fenner’
O10 Professor Ian Young AO the electoral division will be known as the Division of Fenner, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
O18 Dr Mark Mulcair
O19 Tim Cooke
COB1 Dr Mark Mulcair
I2 Malcolm Mackerras
the name of the proposed
Division of Fenner should be changed to ‘Whitlam’
O24 Andrew Fraser the electoral division will be known as the Division of Fenner, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
O28 ACT Labor
I4 David Wedgwood
I7 Andrew Fraser
the name of the proposed
Division of Fenner should be changed to ‘Churcher’
O22 Darren McSweeney the electoral division will be known as the Division of Fenner, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
the name of the proposed
Division of Fenner should be changed to ‘Nott’
O26 Brian Cox the electoral division will be known as the Division of Fenner, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
COB4 Brian Cox
the name of the proposed
Division of Fenner should be changed to ‘Florey’
O27 Arno Mikli the electoral division will be known as the Division of Fenner, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
the name of the proposed
Division of Canberra should be changed
O2 James Eveille the name of the Division of Canberra will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
O4 Roger Bacon
O5 Gary Potts
O17 Martin Gordon
O19 Tim Cooke
O23 Catherine Brown
O24 Andrew Fraser
O29 David Wedgwood
COB5 David Wedgwood
the name of the Division of Canberra should not be changed O22 Darren McSweeney the name of the Division of Canberra will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
I2 Malcom Mackerras
the name of the proposed
Division of Canberra should be changed to a woman connected
to the Australian Capital Territory
or an indigenous word
O19 Tim Cooke the name of the Division of Canberra will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
the name of the proposed
Division of Canberra should be changed to ‘Fenner’
O5 Gary Potts the name of the Division of Canberra will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
O17 Martin Gordon
O23 Catherine Brown
O24 Andrew Fraser
COB3 Martin Gordon
I1 Martin Gordon
the name of the proposed
Division of Canberra should be changed to ‘Whitlam’
O4 Roger Bacon the name of the Division of Canberra will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
O29 David Wedgwood
COB5 David Wedgwood
I4 David Wedgwood
the name of the proposed
Division of Canberra should be changed to ‘Namadgi’
O18 Dr Mark Mulcair the name of the Division of Canberra will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee
COB1 Dr Mark Mulcair
the name of the proposed
Division of Canberra should be changed to ‘Nott’
I3 Dr David Nott the name of the Division of Canberra will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

O = objection received, COB = comment on objection received and I = inquiry participant (refer to Appendix C, Appendix D or Appendix G for full list)

Appendix F: Calculating the representation entitlements of the Australian Capital Territory

Division 3 of Part III of the Electoral Act specifies the legislative requirements to be followed in determining the representation of each state and territory in the House of Representatives.

The Electoral Commissioner is required to follow this process once a House of Representatives has met continuously for a period of 12 months after the day of its first meeting.44 This process was most recently undertaken in November 2014.45

The Electoral Commissioner is first required to ascertain the number of people of:

  • the Commonwealth,
  • each of the States,
  • the Australian Capital Territory,
  • the Northern Territory,
  • the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands,
  • the Territory of Christmas Island, and
  • each of the other Territories.46

This ascertainment is to be made using statistics supplied by the Australian Statistician which have most recently before the reference day been compiled and published in a regular series under the Census and Statistics Act 1905.47 48

The populations ascertained by the then acting Electoral Commissioner are displayed in Table J.

Table J: Populations ascertained by the then acting Electoral Commission on 13 November 2014
Jurisdiction Population
The States
New South Wales 7 500 617
Victoria 5 821 269
Queensland 4 708 510
Western Australia 2 565 588
South Australia 1 682 635
Tasmania 514 684
The Commonwealtha 22 793 303
The Territoriesb
Australian Capital Territoryc d 386 092
Northern Territoryd 243 689
The Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands 572
The Territory of Christmas Island 2 217
Australian Antarctic Territory 102
Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands 0
Coral Sea Islands Territory 4
Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands 0
  1. Pursuant to section 45 of the Electoral Act, the number of the people of the Commonwealth does not include the people of the Territories.
  2. Pursuant to section 38A of the Electoral Act, the Territory of Norfolk Island is not taken to be a Territory for the purposes of this ascertainment.
  3. Pursuant to section 4(1) of the Electoral Act, the Jervis Bay Territory is taken to be part of the Australian Capital Territory for the purposes of this ascertainment.
  4. Pursuant to section 46(2) of the Electoral Act, a Norfolk Island resident who is enrolled in a Territory under section 95AA(3) of the Electoral Act is included in the count of the population of that Territory for the purposes of this ascertainment.

To determine the number of members of the House of Representatives each state and territory is entitled to, the Electoral Commissioner is required to calculate the population quota using the following formula:49

Number of people of the Commonwealth as ascertained by the Electoral Commissioner


Twice the number of senators for the States

Table K shows the figures used to calculate the population quota.

Table K: Population quota calculated on 13 November 2014
Number of the people of the Commonwealth as ascertained by the then acting Electoral Commissioner on 13 November 2014 22 793 303
Twice the number of senators for the States (2 x (12 x 6)) 144
Population quota 158 286.8264

The number of members of the House of Representatives to which the Australian Capital Territory is entitled is calculated using the following formula:

Number of people of the Australian Capital Territory as ascertained by the Electoral Commissioner


Population quota

Table L shows the figures used to calculate the number of members of the House of Representatives the Australian Capital Territory is entitled to.

Table L: Calculation of the number of members of the House of Representatives to which the Australian Capital Territory is entitled
Number of the people of the Australian Capital Territory as ascertained by the then acting Electoral Commissioner on 13 November 2014 386 092
Population quota 158 286.8264
Number of members of the House of Representatives for the Australian Capital Territory 2.4392
Number of members of the House of Representatives for the Australian Capital Territory – application of rounding rulea 2
  1. Paragraph 48(2A)(c) of the Electoral Act species that in calculating the number of members of the House of Representatives to chosen for a Territory, when the result of dividing the ascertained population by the population quota is a remainder that is greater than one-half of a quota, that number is increased by one.

As the calculation in Table L results in a remainder that is less than one-half of the population quota, the entitlement is rounded down to two members of the House of Representatives.

For the Australian Capital Territory to have been entitled to three members of the House of Representatives when the entitlement was calculated, the population ascertained by the then acting Electoral Commissioner would have needed to have been at least 395 717, an increase over the ascertained population of 9 625 people.

Where the number of members of the House of Representatives to which the Australian Capital Territory is entitled is equal to a whole number (known as the ‘relevant whole number’) and a remainder that is less than or equal to one-half of the population quota, sub-section 48(2E) specifies an additional calculation be performed which, under specified circumstances, will result in the ascertained population being altered which may result in the entitlement increasing. The ascertained population is altered if the following holds true:

(Population quota x Relevant whole number and one-half) – (Ascertained population of the Australian Capital Territory) ≤ Twice the standard error of the Australian Statistician’s estimate of the net undercount for the Australian Capital Territory at the last Census

Table M outlines this calculation for the Australian Capital Territory.

Table M: Calculation to determine if the ascertained population of the Australian Capital Territory should be altered
Relevant whole number 2
Relevant whole number and one-half 2.5
Population quota 158 286.8264
Number of people required to achieve 2.5 quotas 395 717
Number of the people of the Australian Capital Territory as ascertained by the then acting Electoral Commissioner on 13 November 2014 386 092
Difference between number of people required to achieve 2.5 quotas and ascertained population 9 625
Twice the standard error of the net estimated net undercount for the Australian Capital Territory at the 2011 Census (2 x 3 055) 6 110

As the difference was greater than twice the standard error, the Electoral Act did not permit the ascertained population of the Australian Capital Territory to be altered.

The ascertained population of the Australian Capital Territory could have been altered if the difference was between 0 and 6 109. Under sub-section 48(2F) of the Electoral Act:

  • the ascertained population of the Australian Capital Territory would have been increased by twice the standard error of the Australian Statistician’s estimate of the net undercount for the Australian Capital Territory at the last Census, and
  • the entitlement to the number of the members of the House of Representatives for the Australian Capital Territory would have been recalculated.

For a range of differences, Table N indicates the associated population required to obtain this difference, what the adjusted population would be, and the number of members of the House of Representatives the Australian Capital Territory would have been entitled to.

Table N: Scenarios resulting in an alteration of the ascertained population of the Australian Capital Territory and resultant entitlement to members of the House of Representatives
  Scenario 1 Scenario 2 Scenario 3 Scenario 4 Scenario 5
Difference 0 5 792 5 471 6 109
Number of people required to achieve 2.5 quotas 395 717 395 717 395 717 395 717 395 717
Population required to obtain difference 395 717 395 712 394 925 390 246 389 608
Ascertained population of the Australian Capital Territory 386 092 386 092 386 092 386 092 386 092
Additional people required at time of calculation 9 625 9 620 8 833 4 154 3 516
Twice the standard error of the net estimated net undercount for the Australian Capital Territory at the 2011 Census (2 x 3 055) 6 110 6 110 6 110 6 110 6 110
Adjusted population 401 827 401 822 401 035 396 356 395 718
Population quota 158 286.8264 158 286.8264 158 286.8264 158 286.8264 158 286.8264
Number of members of the House of Representatives for the Australian Capital Territory 2.5386 2.5386 2.5336 2.5040 2.5000
Number of members of the House of Representatives for the Australian Capital Territory – application of rounding rule 3 3 3 3 3

This appendix demonstrates that, at the time the number of members of the House of Representatives was determined on 13 November 2014, there were two scenarios which would have resulted in the Australian Capital Territory being entitled to three members:

  1. if the ascertained population had been at least 395 717, or
  2. if the ascertained population had been between 389 608 and 395 717, due to the adjustment processes specified by sub-sections 48(2E) and 48(2F) of the Electoral Act.

Appendix G: Inquiry into objections

Seven submissions were made at the inquiry held by the augmented Electoral Commission in Canberra on Monday 2 November 2015.

No. Participant
I1 Martin Gordon
I2 Malcolm Mackerras
I3 Dr David Nott
I4 David Wedgwood
I5 Anne Forrest
I6 Arno Mikli
I7 Andrew Fraser

Appendix H: Constructing proposed electoral boundaries

The AEC maintains the electoral roll on the basis of alignment to Statistical Area 1s (SA1s),50 and is able to provide data on enrolments and projected enrolments at this level. Accordingly, in formulating its proposals, the augmented Electoral Commission used SA1s as its basic building blocks. The SA1s have defined boundaries and are of differing sizes and shapes. In cases where the augmented Electoral Commission considered that a particular SA1 boundary was inappropriate for use as an electoral division boundary, the SA1 was split to provide a more meaningful boundary.

The indicative area of electoral divisions in the Australian Capital Territory has been calculated by aggregating the area of:

  • all land-based SA1s;
  • any parts of land-based SA1s; and
  • any lakes, ponds, rivers, creeks, wetlands or marshes not already included in land-based SA1s, that are contained within the divisional boundary of each electoral division.

Areas are calculated on the Geocentric Datum of Australia (GDA94) spheroid using the AEC’s Electoral Boundary Mapping System (EBMS), developed within the ‘MapInfo Professional’ software package.

The augmented Electoral Commission used EBMS as an aid to modelling various boundary options. This system was also made available for public use at the office of the senior Divisional Returning Officer for the Australian Capital Territory in Canberra.

Appendix I: Announcement of the augmented Electoral Commission’s proposed redistribution

The text of the augmented Electoral Commission’s public announcement of their proposed redistribution, issued on Tuesday 24 November 2015, is reproduced below.

Augmented Electoral Commission decides names and boundaries of federal electoral divisions in the Australian Capital Territory

The augmented Electoral Commission for the Australian Capital Territory today announced the outcome of its deliberations on the names and boundaries of the two federal electoral divisions in the ACT.

The Hon. Dennis Cowdroy OAM QC, the presiding member, thanked the individuals and organisations who contributed to the redistribution of the ACT by contributing written submissions throughout the redistribution process or participating in the inquiry on 2 November 2015.

‘After a thorough consideration of these contributions, the augmented Electoral Commission has adopted the redistribution proposed by the Redistribution Committee for the ACT without change,’ Mr Cowdroy said.

The full proposal was detailed in the Committee’s report of 11 September 2015. In accepting the Redistribution Committee’s proposed redistribution, the augmented Electoral Commission have proposed that:

  • The southern electoral division will be named the Division of Canberra. The proposed Division of Canberra will encompass:
    • all of the ACT located to the south of the Murrumbidgee River, Lake Burley Griffin and the Molonglo River;
    • Acton, Black Mountain Nature Reserve, Campbell, City, Reid and Russell;
    • the parts of Barton and Parkes situated to the north of Lake Burley Griffin;
    • the part of the District of Molonglo Valley situated to the north of the Molonglo River and Lake Burley Griffin; and
    • parts of Braddon, Turner, Pialligo and the District of Majura.
  • The northern electoral division will be named the Division of Fenner, in honour of the distinguished scientist Professor Frank Fenner AC, CMG, MBE, FAA, FRS, FRACP, FRCP. The augmented Electoral Commission proposes to locate the Jervis Bay Territory in this electoral division.

The augmented Electoral Commission noted objections to the proposed name of the northern electoral division. Following consideration of these objections, the augmented Electoral Commission:

  • determined the name ‘Fraser’ should be retired in the ACT to provide the option of naming a Victorian electoral division after the former Prime Minister, the Rt Hon. John Malcolm Fraser AC CH, in the future;
  • noted the achievements of James Fraser, after whom the electoral division has been named since 1974, are reflected in the naming of an ACT suburb in his honour and his inclusion in the ACT Honour Walk; and
  • determined it is not appropriate to co-name the electoral division.

A full overview of the augmented Electoral Commission’s conclusions on objections to the Redistribution Committee’s proposed redistribution is available.

The augmented Electoral Commission notes this proposal is not significantly different from the proposal of the Redistribution Committee. Therefore, the names and boundaries of the federal electoral divisions for the ACT will apply from 28 January 2016 when a notice of determination is published in the Commonwealth Government Notices Gazette. Federal general elections for which the writ is issued after this date will be contested on the new boundaries.

Overview maps will be available on the AEC website on 28 January 2016. Detailed maps and a report outlining the augmented Electoral Commission’s reasons for the formal determination will be tabled in the Federal Parliament and will subsequently be made publicly available.

More information about the Australian Capital Territory federal redistribution is available on the AEC website or you can contact the Redistribution Secretariat:

Editors’ notes:

A Redistribution Committee is appointed for the state or territory in which a redistribution has commenced.

The Redistribution Committee for the Australian Capital Territory consisted of:

  • the Electoral Commissioner,
  • the senior Divisional Returning Officer for the Australian Capital Territory,
  • the Surveyor-General of the Australian Capital Territory, and
  • the Australian Capital Territory Auditor-General.

The Redistribution Committee is responsible for considering inputs from the public and making a proposed redistribution.

The augmented Electoral Commission considers any objections to the proposed redistribution and makes a final determination of the names and boundaries of the redistributed divisions. The augmented Electoral Commission for the Australian Capital Territory consists of:

  • the Chairperson of the Electoral Commission,
  • the non-judicial member of the Electoral Commission, currently the Australian Statistician,
  • the Electoral Commissioner,
  • the senior Divisional Returning Officer for the Australian Capital Territory,
  • the Surveyor-General of the Australian Capital Territory, and
  • the Auditor-General for the Australian Capital Territory.

Appendix J: Determination of electoral divisions in the Australian Capital Territory by the augmented Electoral Commission

The text of the augmented Electoral Commission’s determination of electoral divisions in the Australian Capital Territory, published in the Gazette on Thursday 28 January 2016, is reproduced below.

Determination of names and boundaries of federal electoral divisions in the Australian Capital Territory

As determined by the then acting Electoral Commissioner on 13 November 2014, the Australian Capital Territory is entitled to two members of the House of Representatives.

Pursuant to sub-section 73(1) of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 (the Electoral Act), the augmented Electoral Commission for the Australian Capital Territory has determined the names of the two electoral divisions are:

  • Canberra
  • Fenner

Pursuant to sub-section 73(1) of the Electoral Act, the augmented Electoral Commission for the Australian Capital Territory has determined the boundaries of these electoral divisions are as shown on the maps displayed on the Australian Electoral Commission website at www.aec.gov.au/Electorates/Redistributions and lodged in file number 15/919 at the National Office of the Australian Electoral Commission in Canberra.

The augmented Electoral Commission for the Australian Capital Territory has made decisions in accordance with the requirements of sub-sections 73(3), 73(4), 73(4A) and 73(5) of the Electoral Act.

Subject to the provisions of the Electoral Act, the electoral divisions determined by this notice will apply from 28 January 2016 until the next determination of names and boundaries of electoral divisions in the Australian Capital Territory is published in the Commonwealth Government Notices Gazette in italics pursuant to sub-section 73(1) or sub-section 76(6) of the Electoral Act.

The Hon. Dennis Cowdroy OAM QC
Chairperson
Augmented Electoral Commission for the Australian Capital Territory

Appendix K: Guidelines for naming federal electoral divisions

Determining the names of federal electoral divisions is part of the process of conducting a federal redistribution within a state or territory.

The criteria used by redistribution committees to propose the names of electoral divisions, and used by augmented electoral commissions to determine the names of electoral divisions, have previously been the subject of recommendations from the Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters. From these recommendations, a set of guidelines were developed as a point of reference only.

It should be noted that redistribution committees and augmented electoral commissions are in no way bound by the guidelines.

Naming after persons

In the main, electoral divisions should be named after deceased Australians who have rendered outstanding service to their country.

When new electoral divisions are created the names of former Prime Ministers should be considered.

Federation Divisional names

Every effort should be made to retain the names of original federation electoral divisions.

Geographical names

Locality or place names should generally be avoided, but in certain areas the use of geographical features may be appropriate (e.g. Perth).

Aboriginal names

Aboriginal names should be used where appropriate and as far as possible existing Aboriginal divisional names should be retained.

Other criteria

The names of Commonwealth electoral divisions should not duplicate existing state districts.

Qualifying names may be used where appropriate (e.g. Melbourne Ports, Port Adelaide).

Names of electoral divisions should not be changed or transferred to new areas without very
strong reasons.

When two or more electoral divisions are partially combined, as far as possible the name of the new electoral division should be that of the old electoral division which had the greatest number of electors within the new boundaries. However, where the socio-demographic nature of the electoral division in question has changed significantly, this should override the numerical formula.

Appendix L: General description of how electoral divisions are constituted

The following tables show how each electoral division has been constructed. The unit to display this construction is Statistical Area 2s (SA2s).51 Each SA2 comprises a number of SA1s. The SA1s and SA2s which applied at the 2011 Census of Population and Housing have been used.

Electoral divisions are displayed in alphabetical order.

Division of Canberra
Division make up Enrolment as at Monday 1 December 2014 Projected enrolment as at Sunday 28 July 2019
Electors retained from the existing Division of Canberra
ACT – East 558 561
ACT – South West 790 790
Banks 3 537 3 933
Bonython 2 836 3 060
Calwell 4 274 4 664
Chapman 2 215 2 309
Chifley 1 785 1 900
Chisholm 3 858 4 097
Conder 3 663 4 054
Curtin 3 958 4 101
Deakin 2 303 2 373
Duffy 2 372 2 543
Fadden 2 438 2 566
Farrer 2 580 2 608
Fisher 2 260 2 417
Forrest 1 307 1 377
Garran 2 317 2 388
Gilmore 2 026 2 196
Gordon (ACT) 5 670 6 171
Gowrie (ACT) 2 391 2 566
Greenway 1 242 1 367
Griffith (ACT) 3 291 3 483
Holder 2 080 2 214
Hughes 2 174 2 138
Hume 15 15
Isaacs 1 922 1 982
Isabella Plains 3 042 3 393
Kambah 11 645 12 443
Kingston – Barton 4 083 4 323
Lake Burley Griffin 0 0
Lyons (ACT) 2 058 2 164
Macarthur 1 172 1 264
Mawson 2 234 2 425
Monash 4 329 4 466
Mount Taylor 1 1
Namadgi 35 35
Narrabundah 4 298 4 401
O’Malley 725 725
Oxley (ACT) 1 318 1 451
Parkes (ACT) 0 0
Pearce 1 942 2 056
Phillip 1 506 1 660
Red Hill (ACT) 2 330 2 308
Richardson 2 212 2 411
Rivett 2 465 2 642
Stirling 1 449 1 532
Theodore 2 753 2 998
Torrens 1 697 1 815
Tuggeranong 23 23
Wanniassa 5 836 6 254
Waramanga 1 976 2 080
Weston 2 572 2 621
Yarralumla 2 444 2 474
Total electors retained from the existing Division of Canberra 128 007 135 838
Electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Canberra
Electors transferred from the existing Division of Fraser
Acton 602 604
Braddon 1 528 1 629
Campbell 3 623 3 843
Civic 1 722 1 799
Majura 82 82
Molonglo 5 5
Reid 1 159 1 212
Turner 1 505 1 631
Total transferred from the existing Division of Fraser 10 226 10 805
Total electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Canberra 10 226 10 805
Total for the Division of Canberra 138 233 146 643
Division of Fenner
Division make up Enrolment as at Monday 1 December 2014 Projected enrolment as at Sunday 28 July 2019
Electors retained from the existing Division of Fraser
Ainslie 3 990 4 146
Amaroo 3 659 4 149
Aranda 1 840 1 899
Belconnen 3 348 3 572
Bonner 2 874 3 108
Braddon 1 799 1 935
Bruce 4 003 4 325
Casey 2 207 2 362
Charnwood 2 115 2 321
Cook 2 202 2 320
Crace 1 751 1 944
Dickson 1 547 1 649
Downer 2 581 2 754
Dunlop 4 821 5 450
Evatt 3 878 4 216
Florey 3 593 3 883
Flynn (ACT) 2 601 2 821
Forde 2 382 2 631
Franklin 2 925 3 332
Fraser 1 584 1 707
Giralang 2 529 2 694
Gooromon 6 6
Gungahlin 3 467 3 928
Gungahlin – East 16 16
Gungahlin – West 100 100
Hackett 2 253 2 417
Hall 238 238
Harrison 3 583 3 995
Hawker 2 223 2 344
Higgins 2 240 2 362
Holt 3 460 3 716
Jervis Bay 161 167
Kaleen 5 532 5 901
Kowen 15 15
Latham 2 740 2 931
Lawson 0 0
Lyneham 3 810 3 966
Macgregor (ACT) 4 553 4 962
Macquarie 1 883 2 064
Majura 75 75
McKellar 2 113 2 245
Melba 2 402 2 536
Mitchell 3 3
Molonglo 17 17
Ngunnawal 6 186 7 008
Nicholls 5 023 5 516
O’Connor (ACT) 3 991 4 224
Page 1 939 1 882
Palmerston 3 901 4 308
Scullin 2 047 2 255
Spence 1 933 2 121
Turner 1 240 1 330
Watson 4 027 4 312
Weetangera 1 985 2 073
Total electors retained from the existing Division of Fraser 131 391 142 251
Total for the Division of Fenner 131 391 142 251
Electors transferred from the existing Division of Fraser to another electoral division
Electors transferred to the Division of Canberra
Acton 602 604
Braddon 1 528 1 629
Campbell 3 623 3 843
Civic 1 722 1 799
Majura 82 82
Molonglo 5 5
Reid 1 159 1 212
Turner 1 505 1 631
Total transferred to the existing Division of Canberra 10 226 10 805
Total electors transferred from the existing Division of Fraser to another electoral division 10 226 10 805

  1. Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters Report on the Effectiveness and Appropriateness of the Redistribution Provisions of Parts III and IV of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 (December 1995), paragraph 4.3
  2. ibid., paragraph 4.11
  3. Sub-section 46(1) of the Electoral Act specifies this requirement.
  4. Once the Electoral Commissioner has determined the number of members of the House of Representatives for each state and territory, section 49 of the Electoral Act requires a certificate containing specified information to be forwarded to the Minister and published in the Gazette. The most recent certificate can be found in Gazette C2014G01876 and is available on the AEC website.
  5. Sub-section 46(1) of the Electoral Act specifies this requirement.
  6. Paragraph 46(1A)(a) specifies the reference day is the first day after the end of the 12 month period following for the first meeting day of the House of Representatives. The reference day was 13 November 2014.
  7. The statistics used in the ascertainment were supplied on 22 October 2014 and were published in the Australian Demographic Statistics, March 2014 Quarter (ASS Cat. no. 3101.0) – Table 8 on 25 September 2014.
  8. This formula is specified in paragraph 48(2)(a) of the Electoral Act.
  9. SA1s are the smallest unit at which ABS makes available disaggregated Census data. There are 54 805 SA1s with populations in the range of 200 – 800. SA1s, which are part of the Australian Statistical Geography Standard, are defined by the ABS and remain stable between censuses. The SA1s currently in use were defined for the 2011 Census.
  10. SA2s are an area defined in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard, and consist of one or more whole SA1s. Wherever possible, SA2s are based on officially gazetted state/territory suburbs and localities. In urban areas SA2s largely conform to whole suburbs and combinations of whole suburbs, while in rural areas they define functional zones of social and economic links. Geography is also taken into account in SA2 design.