Research Report 4 - Australian Federal Redistributions 1901-2003: Appendix Four

Updated: 30 May 2013

Appendix Four

Comparative Table of Legislative Changes 1977–1998
  Commonwealth Electoral Amendment Act 1977 (No 14 1977) Commonwealth Electoral Legislation Amendment Act 1983 (No 144 1983) Commonwealth Electoral Amendment Act 1987 (No 35 1987) Electoral and Referendum Amendment Act 1998 (No 94 1998)
Grounds for Redistribution A proclamation directing redistribution shall be made if the entitlements to representation in the House of Representatives for a State change.
A proclamation directing a redistribution may be made:
  1. Whenever in one-fourth of the Divisions of the State the number of electors differs from a quota (average divisional enrolment) by a greater extent than one-tenth more or one-tenth less.
  2. At such other times as the Governor-General thinks fit.
A direction for a redistribution of a State or the ACT shall be made:
  1. If the entitlements to representation in the House of Representatives for a State or the Act change.
  2. Whenever the enrolment in more than one-third of the Divisions in the State or ACT have, for a period of more than 2 months, varied from the average divisional enrolment of the state or ACT to a greater extent than one-tenth more or one-tenth less.
  3. If a period of 7 years after the day on which the State or ACT was last distributed has expired.
No change No change
Times when Redistribution can't take place A proclamation directing redistribution shall not be made under (1) above within 7 years of the last redistribution being proclaimed. A direction for a redistribution of a State or ACT shall not be made under (2) and (3) above if the state or ACT is undergoing a redistribution, or within one year before the date of expiry of a House of Representatives.
The Electoral Commission may direct that redistribution not take place if the Electoral Commission is of the opinion that at the next determination the entitlements to representation for the State or ACT will or may alter.
No change No change
Quota determination Chief Australian Electoral Officer determines quota whenever necessary. Quota for State or ACT to be determined 14 days after the closing date for written suggestions to the Redistribution Committee No change Quota for State or ACT determined as soon as practicable after redistribution commences.
Numerical requirements In no case shall the number of electors in proposed Divisions be greater than one-tenth more or one-tenth less than the quota.
The number of electors in large Divisions (area of 5000 sq kms or more) shall not be smaller than the number of electors in small divisions (area of less than 5000 sq kms).
In no case shall the quota of electors for the State or ACT be departed from to a greater extent than one-tenth more or one-tenth less.
The Redistribution Committee shall, as far as practicable, endeavour to ensure that, 3 years and 6 months, after the State or ACT has been redistributed, the number of electors enrolled in each proposed Division will be equal.
No change
The Redistribution Committee shall, as far as practicable, endeavour to ensure that, 3 years and 6 months after the State or ACT has been redistributed, the number of electors enrolled in each proposed Division would not be less than 98% or more than 102% of the average divisional enrolment of that State or ACT.
No change
The Redistribution Committee shall, as far as practicable, endeavour to ensure that, 3 years and 6 months after the State or ACT has been redistributed, the number of electors enrolled in each proposed Division would not be less than 96.5% or more than 103.5% of the average divisional enrolment of that State or ACT.
Matters to be considered The Distribution Commissioners shall give due consideration to:
  1. Community of interests within the Division, including economic social and regional interests.
  2. Means of communication and travel within the Division.
  3. The trend of population changes within the State.
  4. The physical features of the Division.
  5. Existing boundaries of Divisions and Sub-divisions.
Subject to the above the Redistribution Committee shall give due consideration to:
  1. Community of interests within the proposed Division, including economic, social and regional interests.
  2. Means of communication and travel within the proposed Division.
  3. The trend of population changes within the State or ACT.
  4. The physical features and area of the proposed Division.
  5. The boundaries of existing Divisions.
Subject to the above the Redistribution Committee shall give due consideration to:
  1. Community of interests within the proposed Division, including economic, social and regional interests.
  2. Means of communication and travel within the proposed Division.
  3. The physical features and area of the proposed Division.
  4. The boundaries of existing Divisions.
Subject to the above the Redistribution Committee shall give due consideration to:
  1. Community of interests within the proposed Division, including economic, social and regional interests.
  2. Means of communication and travel within the proposed Division.
  3. The physical features and area of the proposed Division.
  4. The boundaries of existing Divisions.
When applying the above the Redistribution Committee must treat (4) as subordinate to other matters.
Discrepancy between existing divisions and entitlement For an ordinary general election State shall be one electorate. Mini-redistribution by combining contiguous pair of divisions with lowest enrolment or dividing into three the contiguous pair of divisions with highest enrolment.
Existing subdivisions to be the basis for the min-redistribution.
No change
Whole Census Collection Districts to be the basis for the mini-redistribution.
No change
No change
Determination of Entitlements Within 30 days after the expiration of a period of eleven months after the date of first meeting of a House of Representatives. Within one month after the expiration of a period of eleven months after the day of first meeting of a House of Representatives. Within one month after the expiration of a period of nine months after the day of first meeting of a House of Representatives. Within one month after the expiration of a period of twelve months after the day of first meeting of a House of Representatives.