The Commonwealth electoral roll is the list of the names and addresses of all people who have enrolled to vote at Australian elections. You cannot vote until you have enrolled.
Enrolment and voting are compulsory for all Australian citizens who are 18 years of age or over. To enrol for the first time, eligible electors complete an electoral enrolment form. It is also important that eligible electors complete an electoral enrolment form each time they move address or change their name. These forms are available at all post offices and electoral offices. The enrolment SmartForm, an enrolment form which can be completed online, is available on the AEC's website and at australia.gov.au. Electors only need to fill out one form to enrol to vote in federal, state or territory elections and local government elections.
Following legislative change in 2010, people who are 16 years old may apply for electoral enrolment, and while their name is placed on the roll, they cannot vote until they turn 18. The only non-Australian citizens eligible to vote at federal elections in Australia are British subjects who were on the Commonwealth electoral roll on 25 January 1984, at which time the eligibility requirements were altered.
The following people are not entitled to enrol and vote:
The electoral roll is continuously reviewed in an effort to ensure eligible people are enrolled and their enrolment details are correct. The review process takes a number of forms and includes the follow-up of change of address information obtained from external data sources, mailing to addresses which show no current enrolment, and targeted reviews of addresses by mail, telephone or field work. To encourage newly eligible electors to enrol, AEC staff attend citizenship ceremonies to collect enrolment forms. The AEC also undertakes enrolment stimulation activities targeted at young people and people who move address.
The AEC provides an electronic copy of the entire roll in its offices for inspection by the public, free of charge.
Electors can also verify their enrolment details using the online enrolment verification facility on the AEC website. For the search to be successful, electors must enter their details exactly as they appear on the electoral roll.
The Act provides that Members of Parliament, political parties, approved medical researchers and public health screening programs may be supplied with confidential elector information. The AEC also provides roll information to entities that have reporting obligations under the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Act 2006 or entities that facilitate the carrying out of applicable customer identification procedures under that Act. Certain government agencies may also have access to confidential elector information for purposes allowed by the Privacy Act 1988. A full list of those agencies is available on the AEC website.
Close of rolls figures are finalised following the processing of all enrolment forms received by the date and time specified in the writ as the close of rolls.
|NSW||4 204 383||4 302 122||4 495 336||4 611 228|
|Vic.||3 218 746||3 292 409||3 442 096||3 562 802|
|Qld||2 319 481||2 463 402||2 612 300||2 719 746|
|WA||1 200 438||1 237 349||1 312 942||1 362 177|
|SA||1 034 377||1 049 814||1 075 968||1 105 076|
|Tas.||328 829||339 589||349 788||358 567|
|ACT||219 876||224 896||238 742||247 659|
|NT||110 501||111 649||117 901||121 005|
|National||12 636 631||13 021 230||13 645 073||14 088 260|
The enrolment figures in the following table show the number of electors entitled to vote in the elections. These figures comprise enrolment at the close of rolls with subsequent adjustments such as the removal of the names of electors who died after the close of rolls, and the reinstatement of eligible electors previously removed from the roll.
|NSW||4 227 937||4 329 115||4 496 208||4 610 795|
|Vic.||3 234 874||3 309 800||3 441 822||3 561 873|
|Qld||2 336 698||2 475 611||2 612 504||2 719 360|
|WA||1 206 422||1 248 732||1 313 201||1 362 534|
|SA||1 039 025||1 051 923||1 076 220||1 104 698|
|Tas.||331 675||342 809||349 753||358 609|
|ACT||221 184||227 541||238 786||247 941|
|NT||111 022||112 930||118 045||121 059|
|Australia||12 708 837||13 098 461||13 646 539||14 086 869|
Special enrolment arrangements are available to electors who qualify. The following services may assist electors who have special needs:
People who are already enrolled to vote at federal elections and are going overseas with an intention to return to Australia within six years, may apply to register as an overseas elector. This will ensure their name is not removed from the roll and they can vote while overseas.
Australian citizens who are overseas and not enrolled, but would have been eligible if they were in Australia, are able to enrol using an enrolment form called an Application for Enrolment from outside Australia. However, they must have left Australia less than three years ago, are going to be overseas for less than six years, and intend to return to Australia.
|State/Territory||Provisional and turning 18 by polling day||Itinerant||Eligible overseas voter||Silent||Antarctic||Norfolk Islander|
|NSW||3 200||1 348||5 593||20 658||17||55|
|Vic.||2 978||1 036||3 850||18 212||11||5|
|Qld||2 127||2 513||2 849||15 256||6||30|
|WA||1 017||790||1 180||13 669||3||2|
|ACT||269||71||1 640||2 049||1||119|
|TOTAL||10 815||6 574||16 199||80 070||49||215|
People who meet one or more of the conditions set out below may apply to be registered as general postal voters (GPVs) so that at election time they will be automatically sent postal voting material.
People generally may apply to become a GPV if they:
Specific eligibility requirements are specified at section 184A of the Act.
Note that different conditions may apply for registration as a postal voter under state and territory electoral laws.
Turnout for the 2010 federal election was 93.22% for the House of Representatives and 93.83% for the Senate (see historical statistics). Turnout was calculated by dividing the sum of formal and informal votes by the final enrolment figure. The final enrolment figure is the total number of people who are entitled to vote in an election.
The AEC believes calculating turnout in this way may result in a slight downward bias due to the substantial increase in declaration votes over the past several elections. This is because rejected declaration votes are not currently included in this calculation of voter turnout. If declaration votes received but subsequently rejected, and not admitted to the count, were to be included, the final voter turnout figures for the 2010 federal election would be 95.29%.