Electoral Newsfile 75: Federal Election 1998 - Close of Nominations

Updated: 5 December 2007

Nominations figures

At the close of nominations at 12 noon on Thursday 10 September 1998 a total of 1435 people had nominated as candidates in the 1998 federal election. This figure includes 329 candidates for the Senate and 1106 candidates for the House of Representatives.

The tables below in this Newsfile outline the number of nominations by State and Territory. The tables also detail the number of candidates from each registered political party and the number of male and female candidates.

Full lists of nominations showing candidates' names and contact details are available from any AEC office and on the AEC's internet homepage www.aec.gov.au.

Who can nominate?

A person cannot be elected unless they have been nominated as a candidate for election.

To qualify as a candidate for the Senate or the House of Representatives, a person must be:

  • at least 18 years old;
  • an Australian citizen; and
  • an elector or qualified to be an elector.

Nominations can only be accepted after the writ for an election has been issued and must be received by noon on the closing day for nominations. Nominations cannot be withdrawn after the closing date.

Senate candidates must pay a $700 nomination deposit and House of Representatives candidates must pay $350. These deposits are returned if a candidate gains four percent or more of the total formal first preference vote, or if they are in a group of Senate candidates which poll four percent or more.

Further information on nominating is in the Candidates' Handbook available from any AEC office and on the AEC homepage at www.aec.gov.au.

Nominations by state/territory

SENATE by State/Territory
  Seats (1996, 1998) 1998 1996 1993
NSW 6 69 63 66
VIC 6 63 44 51
QLD 6 57 48 42
WA 6 45 29 33
SA 6 35 31 36
TAS 6 32 19 20
ACT 2 17 14 14
NT 2 11 7 4
TOTAL 40 329 255 266
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES by State/Territory
  Seats (1998, 1996) 1998 1996 1993
NSW 50 389 319 309
VIC 37 289 214 213
QLD 27 192 180 206
WA 14 109 80 85
SA 12 78 74 90
TAS 5 27 23 23
ACT 2 15 13 15
NT 1 7 5 2
TOTAL 148 1106 908 943

*The 1993, 1996 and 1998 polls are all half Senate and full House of Representative elections. Redistributions of electoral boundaries were held in 1992, 1994 and 1997.

SENATE NOMINATIONS

Senate nominations
Party NSW VIC QLD WA SA TAS ACT NT Total
M F M F M F M F M F M F M F M F M F T
ABR - - 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - 2
ACS 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - - - 2 - 2 - - - 11 - 11
ALP 3 1 2 2 1 2 3 3 3 - 2 1 1 1 1 1 16 11 27
ARP - - 2 - 1 1 - - - - - - - - - - 3 1 4
ASP - - 4 - - - 2 - - - - - - - - - 6 - 6
AWP - - - 2 - 2 - - - - - 2 - 2 - - - 8 8
CEC 2 1 2 - 2 - 1 1 2 - - - - - - - 9 2 11
CLP - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 1 1 2
CTA 4 1 2 - 2 1 2 - 2 - 1 1 1 - - - 14 3 17
DEM 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 - 2 - 18 7 25
DLP - - 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - 2
DSL 1 1 - 2 1 1 1 1 - 2 1 1 - - - - 4 8 12
FLR - - 1 - 1 1 - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 3
FST 2 - 2 - 2 - - - 2 - - - - - - - 8 - 8
GRN 1 3 1 2 2 1 - - 1 1 1 1 - 2 2 - 8 10 18
GWA - - - - - - - 3 - - - - - - - - - 3 3
HAN 3 - 1 1 3 2 3 - 2 1 3 - 1 1 1 1 17 6 23
HAR - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - - 1 - 1
IND 8 - 4 - 4 1 1 - 2 - 2 1 2 - 1 - 24 2 26
LP 2 1 2 3 3 1 3 1 2 2 4 - - 2 - - 16 10 26
NAN 1 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 2
NDP 1 1 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 1 4
NLP 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 - - - - - - - - 5 4 9
NP 1 - 1 - 2 1 1 1 2 - - - - - - - 7 2 9
OAP - - - - 2 - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - 2
QF - - - - 1 1 - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 2
RARI 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - 2
RPA - - - - - - 2 - - - - 2 - - - - 2 2 4
SEP 1 1 1 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 4
TFP - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 - - - - 2 1 3
TPS - - - - - - 2 - - - - - - - - - 2 - 2
UNI 4 1 5 3 2 - 2 1 - - - - - - - - 13 5 18
OTHER* 11 2 3 - 5 1 2 2 3 4 - - - - - - 24 9 33
Total 69 63 57 45 35 32 17 11 228 101 329
Males 53 45 39 30 23 21 9 8  
Females 16 18 18 15 12 11 8 3  
Candidates 69 63 57 45 35 32 17 11  

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES NOMINATIONS

House of Representatives nominations
Party NSW VIC QLD WA SA TAS ACT NT Total
M F M F M F M F M F M F M F M F M F T
ACH - 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0 1 1
ACS 4 - 3 1 1 - 2 - - - - - - - - - 10 1 11
ALP 31 19 25 12 18 9 10 4 7 5 4 1 1 1 1 - 97 51 148
ARP - - 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 - 3
ASP - - 3 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 2 5
AWP - - - - - 2 - - - - - - - - - - 0 2 2
CEC 5 2 5 1 4 2 6 - - - - - - - - - 20 5 25
CLP - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 0 1
CTA 21 6 3 1 7 2 7 1 2 - - - - - - - 40 10 50
DEM 37 13 29 8 16 11 10 4 8 4 4 1 1 1 1 - 106 42 148
DSL 4 3 1 - 1 - 1 - - - - - - 2 - 1 7 6 13
EFF - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - - - - 1 - 1
FLR - - - - 3 - - - - - - - - - - - 3 - 3
FST 2 - 4 2 1 - 3 2 1 1 - - - - - - 11 5 16
GRN 23 22 15 12 14 13 - - 1 1 2 3 1 1 - 1 56 53 109
GWA - - - - - - 10 4 - - - - - - - - 10 4 14
HAN 45 5 29 1 20 7 12 2 9 3 3 - 2 - 1 - 121 18 139
IND 33 5 25 3 22 7 6 1 8 3 - - - 1 1 - 95 20 115
LP 35 9 30 5 13 9 11 3 8 4 4 1 2 - - - 103 31 134
NAN 2 2 - - - - - -   - - - - - - 2 2 4
NLP 10 7 19 8 - - - 4 6 2 1 - 1 1 - - 37 22 59
NP 10 2 3 - 9 1 2 2 3 - - - - - - - 27 5 32
PLP - - 1 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 2
RPA 2 - 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 - 3
SEP 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - 2
TFP - - - - - - - - - - 3 - - - - - 3 - 3
UNI 17 8 21 10 - - 1 - - - - - - - - - 39 18 57
OTHER* 2 - 2 - - - 1 - 1 - - - - - - - 6 - 6
Total 389 289 192 109 78 27 15 7 807 299 1106
Males 285 222 129 82 55 21 8 5  
Females 104 67 63 27 23 6 7 2  
Candidates 389 289 192 109 78 27 15 7  

*OTHER represents candidates who are non-affiliated and have chosen not to have 'Independent' printed beside their name on the ballot paper.

PARTY ABBREVIATIONS

Party abbreviations
Abolish Child Support/Family Court Party ACS
Australia First Party FST
Australian Bill of Rights Group ABR
Australian Democrats DEM
Australian Greens GRN
Australian Labor Party (ALP) ALP
Australian Reform Party ARP
Australian Shooters Party ASP
Australian Women's Party AWP
Christian Democratic Party (Fred Nile Group) CTA
Citizens Electoral Council of Australia CEC
Common Cause – No Aircraft Noise NAN
CTA Child Protection (Elaine Nile) Party ACH
Democratic Labor Party (DLP) of Australia DLP
Democratic Socialist Electoral League DSL
Family Law Reform Party FLR
Independent EFF EFF
Independent IND
Liberal Party of Australia LP
National Party of Australia NP
Natural Law Party NLP
Northern Territory Country Liberal Party CLP
Nuclear Disarmament Party of Australia NDP
One Australia Party OAP
Pauline Hanson's One Nation HAN
Progressive Labor Party PLP
Queensland First QF
Reclaim Australia: Reduce Immigration RARI
Republican Party of Australia RPA
Socialist Equality Party SEP
Tasmania First Party TFP
Tasmanian Independent Senator HAR
Brian Harradine Group  
Taxi Operators Political Service (Oceania) TPS
The Greens (WA) Inc GWA
Unity – Say No To Hanson UNI

Draw for positions on the ballot paper

The order in which candidates' names appear on the ballot paper is determined by a random draw, which takes place immediately following the declaration of nominations.

The declaration of nominations takes place 24 hours after the close of nominations.

A system of double randomisation is used for determining the order of groups and ungrouped candidates on Senate ballot papers and the order of candidates on House of Representatives ballot papers.

A separate draw is conducted for the Senate in each State and Territory and for every House of Representatives Division.

All candidates, media and the public are welcome to attend the draws conducted to determine the order of names on the relevant ballot paper.

Senate draw

The Australian Electoral Officer (AEO) declares the nominations received for the Senate in their State or Territory at 12 noon on the day after the nominations for the election close. Following the declaration, the AEO conducts the draw for positions on the ballot paper. This is usually conducted in the AEC Head Office in the relevant State or Territory.

In Senate elections, the names of candidates included in groups are placed on the ballot paper before the names of ungrouped candidates.

For the purposes of the Senate draw and ballot paper printing, incumbent Senators who have given written notice of an intention to lodge a voting ticket are treated as a group.

The AEO determines the order of groups and ungrouped candidates on the ballot paper by conducting a public draw for positions. This draw is conducted in two parts, with each part consisting of two draws.

In the first part, the first draw allocates a number to each group and the second draw determines the order in which each group appears on the ballot.

This is followed by two draws for ungrouped candidates, with the first draw allocating a number to each ungrouped candidate and the second draw determines the order in which each ungrouped candidate appears on the ballot paper.

The Senate draws are conducted in this order because groups appear before ungrouped candidates on the ballot paper.

House of Representatives draw

The Divisional Returning Officer (DRO) declares the House of Representatives nominations received for their Division at 12 noon on the day after the nominations for the election close. Following the declaration, the DRO conducts the double randomisation draw in the Divisional Office.

The first draw assigns a number to each candidate and the second draw determines the order in which each candidate appears on the ballot paper.

How is the draw done?

A number of small wooden balls equal to the number of candidates (or in the case of the Senate, groups), are marked with different numbers and placed in a container large enough for all the balls to move freely when it is rotated.

The container is rotated by the AEC officer in charge who then invites any other person present to rotate the container.

A person is blindfolded and selects the balls one by one and passes them to another person who reads out the number. As the numbers are called, they are allocated to the candidates or groups. That is, the first number called is written against the first candidate or group on the list and so the order of numbers in the list is the order in which they are called out.

The balls are then replaced in the container. Again, the container is rotated and any person present may rotate it.

The blindfolded person once again selects the balls one by one and passes them to another person who reads out the number. The order that these numbers are drawn determines the order of names on the ballot paper.

What happens after the draw?

After the draw the AEC immediately begins printing ballot papers for the Senate and House of Representatives.

Once the ballot papers are printed, voters who will be away on polling day are able to begin voting in the election by casting a pre-poll or postal vote.

Nominations Overview

  • A total of 1435 candiates have nominated for the 1998 federal election.
  • 272 more candidates have nominated than for the last election.
  • At this election 400 female candidates and 1035 males have nominated. At the 1996 election 342 female candidates and 821 male candidates nominated.
  • 34 parties are fielding candidates at this election. This compares with 31 parties at the last election.

AEC contacts

Central Office

Electoral Commissioner: Bill Gray (02) 6271 4400

Deputy Electoral Commissioner: Andy Becker (02) 6271 4410

Director, Information: Brien Hallett (02) 6271 4415

Assistant Directors, Information: Bernadette O'Meara (02) 6271 4548 | Silvana Puizina(02) 6271 4431

Editor, Newsfile: Margaret Meneghel (02) 6271 4505

STATE/TERRITORY HEAD OFFICES

The administration of federal elections in each State and Territory is under the control of the Australian Electoral Officer (AEO) for that State or Territory. An AEO for the ACT is temporarily appointed for each election.

AEOs may be contacted on the following numbers.
New South Wales Frances Howat Ph. (02) 9375 6333 Fx. (02) 9281 9384
Victoria David Muffet Ph. (03) 9285 7171 Fx. (03) 9285 7178
Queensland Bob Longland Ph. (07) 3834 3400 Fx. (07) 3831 7223
Western Australia Andrew Moyes Ph. (08) 9470 7299 Fx. (08) 9472 3551
South Australia Geoff Halsey Ph. (08) 8237 6555 Fx. (08) 8231 2664
Tasmania Nick Tall Ph. (03) 6235 0500 Fx. (03) 6234 4268
Northern Territory Kerry Heisner Ph. (08) 8981 1477 Fx. (08) 8981 7964
Australian Capital Territory William Hogan Ph. (02) 6271 497 Fx. (02) 6271 560

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